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pāco , ăvi, ātum, 1, v. a. pax, bring into a state of peace and quietness, to make peaceful, to quiet, pacify, subdue, soothe (class.; cf.: pacifico, placo).
I. Lit.: “pacare Amanum,Cic. Fam. 15, 4, 8: “omnem Galliam,Caes. B. C. 1, 7: “qui nuper pacati erant,id. B. G. 1, 16: “civitates,id. ib. 7, 65: “Hispanias,id. B. C. 1, 85: “bimarem Isthmon,Ov. M. 7, 405: “regiones,Hirt. B. Alex. 26: “Asiam,Just. 38, 7, 2: “Erymanthi nemora,Verg. A. 6, 803: MARE A PRAEDONIBVS, Monum. Ancyr. fin. ap. Grut. 233; Ov. F. 2, 18.—
II. Transf., of things as objects: “incultae pacantur vomere silvae,are subdued, tilled, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 45: “et pacare metu silvas,Manil. 4, 182: “saltus remotos pacabat cornu,Stat. Th. 4, 250: “incertos animi aestus,to quiet, Claud. IV. Cons. Honor. 225; cf. “feras,to tame, Aus. Epigr. 1, 19: “dolorem,id. Idyll. 6, 100.—Hence, pācā-tus , a, um, P. a., pacified, quieted, peaceful, quiet, calm, tranquil, undisturbed (opp. hostilis; class.).
B. Trop.: “oratio pacatior,Cic. Brut. 31, 121: “cujus ne pacatam quidem nequitiam quisquam ferre posset,id. Phil. 5, 9, 24.—And in the neutr. as subst.: “nec diu in pacato mansit gens,on friendly terms, Liv. 23, 27, 9.—Hence, adv.: pācātē , peaceably, quietly (post-Aug.).—Comp.: “pacatius ad reliqua secessimus,Petr. 10; Aug. Ep. 111.—Sup.: “pacatissime et commodissime,Aug. Soliloq. 2, 7.
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