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pĕcūlĭum , ii, n. pecus, lit., in cattle; hence, as in early times all property consisted of cattle, in gen., property.
I. Lit.
B. In partic., private property.
1. What the master of the house saves and lays by, money laid by, savings, Dig. 32, 1, 77.—
2. What a wife owns as her independent property, and over which her husband has no control, a private purse, paraphernalia, Dig. 23, 3, 9, § 3.—
3. That which is given by a father or master to his son, daughter, or slave, as his or her private property: “frugi sum, nec potest peculium enumerari,Plaut. As. 2, 4, 91: “adimere servis peculium,Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 17; 1, 17, 5: “filii,Liv. 2, 41; cf. Sen. Ep. 11, 1: “Juliam uxorem peculio concesso a patre praebitisque annuis, fraudavit,Suet. Tib. 50: “cultis augere peculia servis,fees, Juv. 3, 189.—
4. Castrense, the private property of a son acquired by military service, with the consent of his father (profecticium), or by inheritance through his mother (adventicium); then called quasi castrense, Dig. 49, 17, 5 sqq.; Paul. Sent. 3, 4; cf. Dig. 37, 6, 1.—
5. = membrum virile, Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 92; id. Most. 1, 3, 96; Petr. S. 8; Lampr. Elag. 9; cf. peculiatus.—
II. Trop., that which belongs to one's self, one's own.—Of a letter: “sine ullo ad me peculio veniet?without any thing for myself, Sen. Ep. 12, 9.—Of the people of lsrael: “erunt mihi, in die quā ego facio, in peculium,Vulg. Mal. 3, 17.
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