previous next
phălanx (post-class. fălanx ), angis, f., = φάλαγξ.
I. In gen.
A. Lit., a band of soldiers, a host drawn up in close order (poet.): “Agamemnoniae phalanges,Verg. A. 6, 489: “densae,id. ib. 12, 662: “Tuscorum,id. ib. 12, 551: “animosa (said of eight brothers fighting together),id. ib. 12, 277: “junctae umbone phalanges,Juv. 2, 46.—
B. Trop., a host, multitude (postclass.): “culparum,Prud. Psych. 816.—
II. In partic.
A. Among the Athenians and Spartans, a division of an army drawn up in battle array, a battalion, phalanx, Nep. Chabr. 1, 2; id. Pelop. 4, 2.—
B. The Macedonian order of battle, a Macedonian phalanx (a compact parallelogram of fifty men abreast and sixteen deep), Nep. Eum. 7, 1; Curt. 3, 2, 13; Liv. 31, 39, 10; cf.: “quae (cohortes) cuneum Macedonum (phalangem ipsi vocant) perrumperent,id. 32, 17, 11: “fecerat et falangem triginta milium hominum,Lampr. Alex. Sev. 50, 5.—
2. An order of battle of the Gauls and Germans, forming a parallelogram: “Helvetii confertissimā acie, phalange factā, etc.,Caes. B. G. 1, 24; 1, 52: “phalangem perfringere,id. ib. 1, 25.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: