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pollex , ĭcis, m. polleo; cf.: pollex nomen ab eo, quod pollet, accepit, Atei. Cap'to ap. Macr. S. 7, 13, 11.
I. Lit.
A. The thumb: “hominis digiti articulos habent ternos, pollex binos et digitis adversus universis flectitur, per se vero in obliquum porrigitur, crassior ceteris, huic minimus mensura par est,Plin. 11, 43, 99, § 244; Cic. Off. 3, 11, 46; Hor. Epod. 5, 48; id. C. 4, 6, 36; Ov. M. 4, 36; 8, 198; Verg. A. 11, 68.—Connected with digitus (as a measure), Cato, R. R. 20: “clavi digiti pollicis crassitudine,Caes. B. G. 3, 13.—To close down the thumb (premere) was a sign of approbation; to extend it (vertere, convertere; “pollex infestus), a sign of disapprobation,Plin. 28, 2, 5, § 25; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 66; Juv. 3, 36; Prud. adv. Symm. 2, 1097; Stat. Th. 8, 26; Quint. 11, 3, 119; App. M. 2, p. 124, 3.—
II. Transf.
A. The stump of a vine-branch left in pruning, = resex, Col. 4, 21, 3; 4, 24, 13; Plin. 14, 1, 3, § 14; 17, 22, 35, § 184.—
B. A knob or protuberance on the trunk of a tree, Plin. 13, 4, 7, § 29.
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