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portĭcus , ūs, f. (also heteroclit.
I.acc. plur. PORTICOS, Inscr. Orell. 4043) [porta], a walk covered by a roof supported on columns, a colonnade, piazza, arcade, gallery, porch, portico, = στοά.
I. Lit.: “omnes porticus commetiri,Plaut. Most. 3, 3, 7: “porticum aedificare,id. ib. 3, 2, 69; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14: “inambulare in porticu,id. Rep. 1, 12, 18: “viae latae, porticus, etc.,id. ib. 3, 31, 43: “porticuum laxitas,Suet. Calig. 37: “porticuum,id. Dom. 14; Vitr. 5, 1: “in amplis porticibus,Verg. A. 3, 353; cf. id. ib. 2, 528: “me porticus excepit,Hor. S. 1, 4, 134; id. Ep. 1, 1, 71: “porticus, in quā gestetur dominus,Juv. 7, 178: “triplex,Vulg. Ezech. 42, 3.—In the upper story, Dig. 39, 2, 47.—
II. Transf. *
A. The entrance or porch of a tent (poet.): saucii opplent porticus, the porches, Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 16, 38.—
B. A weather-board, shed, Col. 9 praef. § 2; 9, 7, 4; 9, 14, 14.—
2. A long shed or gallery to protect soldiers in sieges, Caes. B. C. 2, 2, 3.—
3. The Porch or Portico, meaning the school of the Stoics (from στοά, porch, the place where Zeno taught); hence, transf., the Stoic philosophy, the Stoics: “Chrysippus, qui fulcire putatur porticum Stoicorum,Cic. Ac. 2, 24, 75; cf. Hor. S. 2, 3, 44: clamat Zeno et tota illa porticus tumultuatur, Cic. Fragm. ap. Aug. contr. Ac. 3, 7; Gell. 12, 5, 10.
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