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postīcus , a, um, adj. post; like anticus from ante.
I. That is behind, hinder, back-, posterior (class., but not in Cic. or Cæs.): “est etiam hic ostium aliud posticum nostrarum aedium,backdoor, Plaut. Stich. 3, 1, 40; cf.: posticum ostium dicitur in posteriore parte aedium. Ceterum antiqui etiam vicinum habitantem ad posteriorem partem aedium sic appellarunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 220 Müll.: “locus erat posticis aedium partibus,Liv. 23, 8: perrexit in interiores partes domuis posticae, of the backbuilding, out - house, Varr. ap. Non. 217, 7: “domo posticā egressus,Val. Max. 5, 7, 3: “muri,Varr. L. L. 5, § 42 Müll.: vicinus, v. Paul. ex Fest. l. l.: non peperit, verum posticā parte profudit, with the posteriors, Lucil. ap. Non. 217, 17: “sannae,made behind the back, Pers. 1, 62: “pedes,hind feet, Sol. 26: “pars palatii,Suet. Oth. 6: “posticam lineam in agris dividendis Serv. Sulpicius appellavit, ab exoriente sole ad occidentem quae spectabat,Fest. p. 233 Müll.: quae ante nos sunt, antica: et quae post nos sunt, postica dicuntur: et dextram anticam, sinistram posticam dicimus. Sic etiam ea caeli pars, quae sole illustratur ad meridiem, antica nominatur, quae ad septentrionem postica, Paul. ex Fest. p. 220 Müll.; cf.: “ejus templi partes quattuor dicuntur: sinistra ab oriente, dextra ab occasu, antica ad meridiem, postica ad septentrionem,Varr. L. L. 7, § 7 Müll.—
II. Subst.
A. postīca , ae, f., a backdoor (post-class.), App. M. 9, p. 217, 25; Dig. 7, 1, 13.—
B. postīcum , i, n.
1. A backdoor (the prevailing form for this signif.): “per posticum se conferre,Plaut. Most. 3, 3, 27: “atria servantem postico falle clientem,Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 31; Vulg. Dan. 13, 18.—
2. The back part of a building, the rear front, Titin. ap. Non. 217, 19: “in pronao, et postico,Vitr. 3, 1.—
3. A backhouse, privy (anteclass.), Lucil. ap. Non. 217, 20.—
4. The posteriors, the fundament (ante- and postclass.): retrimenta cibi, quae exierunt per posticum, Varr. ap. Non. 217, 24; also in plur., Arn. 2, 54.
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