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prae-dīco , xi, ctum, 3, v. a.,
I.to say or mention before or beforehand, to premise.
I. In gen. (mostly post-Aug.; cf. “praefor),Ter. And. 4, 4, 54: “hoc primum in hac re praedico tibi,id. ib. 1, 1, 19: “Davus dudum praedixit mihi,id. ib. 5, 1, 21; 1, 2, 34; Quint. 4, 2, 57: “tria, quae praediximus,have mentioned before, id. 3, 6, 89; 2, 4, 24: “praedicta ratio,id. 8, 6, 52: ratio ejus in medicinā similis praedictis. Plin. 33, 13, 37, § 136; Plin. Ep. 4, 14, 8.—
II. In partic.
A. To foretell, predict; to forebode (class.): “defectiones solis et lunae multo ante praedicere,Cic. Sen. 14, 49; so, “eclipsim,Plin. 2, 12, 9, § 53: “futura,Cic. Div. 1, 1, 2; Petr. 137 fin.: “nihil adversi accidit non praedicente me,that I had not predicted, id. Fam. 6, 6: “aliquid,Sen. Q. N. 2, 32, 5: “malum hoc nobis De caelo tactas memini praedicere quercus,Verg. E. 1, 17: “hos luctus,id. A. 3, 713.—
B. To give notice or warning of, to appoint, fix (mostly post-Aug.), Naev. ap. Non. 197, 16: “ubi praetor reo atque accusatoribus diem praedixisset,Tac. A. 2, 79: “praedictā die,id. ib. 11, 27: “insula Batavorum in quam convenirent praedicta,id. ib. 2, 6; cf. Plin. 10, 23, 31, § 61: “praedicta hora,Suet. Claud. 8.—
C. To say what one should do, to advise, warn, admonish, inform, charge, command (class.; syn.: praecipio, moneo); usually constr. with ut or ne: “Pompeius suis praedixerat, ut, etc.,Caes. B. C. 3, 92; Nep. Them. 7, 3; Liv. 2, 10, 4; 22, 60; 39, 19, 2: “ei visam esse Junonem praedicere, ne id faceret,Cic. Div. 1, 24, 48; Liv. 10, 41: “praedixit, ne destinatum iter peterent,Vell. 2, 82, 2; Tac. A. 13, 36; cf. in the abl. absol.: “praedicto, ne in re publicā haberetur,id. ib. 16, 33.—With acc.: “unum illud tibi ... Praedicam,Verg. A. 3, 436; cf. with an obj.-clause: “Mummius jussit praedici conducentibus, si eas (statuas) perdidissent, novas eos reddituros,Vell. 1, 13, 4; absol. of a physician, Curt. 3, 6, 3.—
D. To proclaim, announce at an auction, etc. (cf. 1. praedico, I. A.): “si in auctione praedictum est, ne, etc.,Gai. Inst. 4, 126.—Hence, praedictus , a, um, P. a., previously named, before mentioned, preceding: “vicina praedictae sed amplior virtus est,Quint. 8, 3, 83: “nomen,id. 9, 3, 66: “posterior ex praedictis locus,id. 2, 4, 24; 10, 1, 74: “simul pedes, eques, classis aput praedictum amnem convenere,Tac. A. 1, 60; Plin. 10, 23, 31, § 76.—praedictum , i, n.
A. (Acc. to II. A.) A foretelling, prediction (class.; “syn. praesagium): Chaldaeorum praedicta,Cic. Div. 2, 42, 89: “astrologorum,id. ib. 2, 42, 88: “vatum,id. Leg. 2, 12, 30; Verg. A. 4, 464: “haruspicis,Suet. Oth. 6; Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 24: “deorum,Val. Fl. 4, 460.—
B. (Acc. to II. C.) An order, command (Livian): “praedictum erat dictatoris ne quid absente eo rei gereret,Liv. 23, 19, 5.—
C. An agreement, concert: “velut ex praedicto,Liv. 33, 6, 8.
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