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-prĕhendo (rĕpraehendo, -prendo , or rĕpraendo ; cf. prehendo. Examples of the contracted form among the poets are, Lucil. ap. Non. 427, 31; Ov. H. 11, 53; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 39; id. S. 1, 10, 55 al.), di, sum, 3, v. a.,
I.to hold back, hold fast, take hold of, seize, catch.
II. Trop.
A. In gen, to hold fast, take or lay hold of, restrain; to recover (rare, but found in Cic.): “revocat virtus, vel potius reprehendit manu,Cic. Ac. 2, 45, 139: “res ab exitio reprehendere euntes,Lucr. 6, 569: “omnes extremum cupiunt vitae reprehendere vinclum,to hold fast, retain, id. 3, 599; cf.: “id memori mente,id. 3, 858: “sese (sensus),id. 4, 497; Prop. 3, 19 (4, 18), 9: “sed reprendi me tamen, Nequid de fratre garrulae illi dicerem,have restrained myself, Ter. Ad. 4, 4, 16: pernoscite, locum Reprehendere, to recover or restore what had been left out or omitted, id. ib. prol. 14: “quod erat praetermissum, id reprehendisti,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 20, § 51.—
B. In partic., to check, restrain an erring person or (more freq.) the error itself; hence, by meton., to blame, censure, find fault with, reprove, rebuke, reprehend (freq. and class.; cf.: “vituperor, criminor, increpo): cum in eodem genere, in quo ipsi offendissent, alios reprehendissent,Cic. Clu. 36, 98: “quem qui reprehendit, in eo reprehendit, quod gratum praeter modum dicat esse,id. Planc. 33, 82; cf. id. ib. 26, 63; “34, 84: si quos (aculeos) habuisti in me reprehendendo,id. ib. 24, 58: “non modo non sum reprehendendus, sed etiam, etc.,id. ib. 38, 91; Quint. 12, 10, 43; Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 37: “meum discessum reprehendere et subaccusare,Cic. Planc. 35, 86: “quod reprehendit Lauranius, Messala defendit,Quint. 9, 4, 38: “aliquem communi vituperatione,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 18, § 46: “nihil haberem quod reprehenderem, si, etc.,id. Fin. 2, 8, 23: “ea res omnium judicio reprehendebatur,Caes. B. C. 1, 14 fin.: “consilium,id. B. G. 5, 33; id. B. C. 3, 51: “temeritatem cupiditatemque militum, licentiam, arrogantiam,id. B. G. 7, 52: “delicta,Sall. C. 3, 2: “studia aliena,Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 39: “versus inertes,id. A. P. 445: “carmen,id. ib. 292: cum de se loquitur, non ut majore reprensis, id. S. 1, 10, 55: “si inspersos egregio reprendas corpore naevos,id. ib. 1, 6, 67: “in hoc ipso (Demosthene) reprehendit Aeschines quaedam et exagitat,Cic. Or. 8, 26: “tu id in me reprehendis, quod Q. Metello laudi datum est,id. Planc. 36, 89: “omnes istius modi artes in iis,id. ib. 25, 62: “quae in eo,Caes. B. G. 1, 20 fin.: “dentes albos in iis,Quint. 8, 6, 40: “nihil in magno Homero,Hor. S. 1, 10, 52 et saep.: “verum ea ne quis credat eo reprehendenda, quod multos cognovimus qui, etc.,Quint. 12, 3, 11: “sunt inevitabiles soni, quibus nonnumquam nationes reprendimus,id. 1, 5, 33.— Absol.: “visum te aiunt in regiā: nec reprehendo, quippe cum ipse istam reprehensionem non fugerim,Cic. Att. 10, 3, a, 1: “quo plures det sibi tamquam ansas ad reprehendendum,id. Lael. 16, 59: “irridentis magis est quam reprehendentis,id. Planc. 31, 75.—
2. Esp., of public and formal condemnation, to convict, pass judgment on: “quam multa vero injuste fleri possunt, quae nemo possit reprehendere,Cic. Fin. 2, 18, 57: “si senatores judicent, hoc unum genus pecuniae per injuriam cogendae nullo modo posse reprehendi,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 96, § 223: “neque id ullo modo senatoriis judiciis, reprehendi posse,id. ib. 2, 3, 96, § 224.—
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