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rŭber , bra, brum (collat. form, nom. rŭbrus , Sol. 40, 23), adj. Sanscr. rudhira, blood; Gr. ἐρυθρός, red; ef. rufus.
I. Red, ruddy (cf.: “rufus, russus): umor,Lucr. 4, 1051: “sanguis,Hor. C. 3, 13, 7: “cruore pannus,id. Epod. 17, 51: “coccus,id. S. 2, 6, 102: “jubar,Lucr. 4, 404; cf. “flamma,Ov. M. 11, 368: “Priapus,painted red, id. F. 1, 415: “inguen,id. ib. 1,400 (cf. rubicundus): “(sol) cum Praecipitem oceani rubro lavit aequore currum,” i. e. reddened by the setting sun, Verg. G. 3,359; cf.: juvenum recens Examen Eois timendum Partibus Oceanoque rubro, the Eastern (i. e. Indian) Ocean, Hor. C. 1, 35, 32 (cf. infra, II.): “rubriore pilo,Plin. 10, 63, 83, § 180: “nitri quam ruberrimi,Cels. 5, 18, 31 et saep. —Poet.: “leges majorum (because their titles were written in red letters),Juv. 14, 192.—
II. As adj. prop.
A. Rubrum Mare, the Red Sea, the Arabian and Persian Gulfs, Mel. 1, 10; 3, 7, 8; 3, 8, 1; Plin. 6, 23, 28, § 107; Curt. 8, 9, 14; Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97; Nep. Hann. 2, 1; Tib. 2, 4, 30; Prop. 1, 14, 12; 3, 13 (4, 12), 6; Sil. 12, 231; Liv. 42, 52, 12.—Poet.: “rubra aequora,Prop. 1, 14, 12; Vulg. Heb. 11, 29 et saep.—
B. Saxa Rubra, a place between Rome and Veii, near the river Cremera, with stone-quarries, now Grotta rossa, Cic. Phil. 2, 31, 77; Liv. 2, 49 fin.; Tac. H. 3, 79; “called breves Rubrae,Mart. 4, 64, 15.
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