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rŭdis , e, adj. cf. crudus,
I.unwrought, untilled, unformed, unused, rough, raw, wild (cf. crudus): omnis fere materia non deformata, rudis appellatur, sicut vestimentum rude, non perpolitum: sic aes infectum rudusculum, Cincius ap. Fest. p. 265 Müll. (class.; esp. freq. in the trop. signif.).
I. Lit.: “terra (opp. restibilis),Varr. R. R. 1, 44, 2; so, “terra,id. ib. 1, 27, 2: “ager,Col. 3, 11, 1: “campus,Verg. G. 2, 211: “humus,Ov. M. 5, 646: “rudis atque infecta materies,Petr. 114, 13; cf.: “rudis indigestaque moles (Chaos),Ov. M. 1, 7: “marmor,Quint. 2, 19, 3: “saxum,id. 9, 4, 27; cf.: “signa (de marmore coepto),Ov. M. 1, 406: “aes (opp. signatum),Plin. 33, 3, 13: “hasta,rudely finished, ill-made, Verg. A. 9, 743; cf.: “novacula (with retusa),Petr. 94, 14: “circumjectus parietum,Plin. 11, 51, 112, § 270: “caementum,Tac. Or. 20 (with informes tegulae): “lana,Ov. M. 6, 19: “textum,rough, coarse, id. ib. 8, 640; so, “vestis,id. F. 4, 659: “herba,wild, Mart. 2, 90, 8: cf. “uva,unripe, green, hard, id. 13, 68.—Neutr. plur. as subst.: detrahit doctrina aliquid, ut lima rudibus et cotes hebetibus, Quint. 2, 12, 8. —
B. Poet., transf., young, new (cf. integer): “illa (carina, sc. Argo) rudem cursu prima imbuit Amphitriten,untried, not yet sailed on, Cat. 64, 11; “hence, also, Argo,Luc. 3, 193: “agna,Mart. 9, 71, 6: “filia,id. 7, 95, 8: “dextram cruore regio imbuit,Sen. Troad. 217: “pannas,new, Vulg. Matt. 9, 16. —
II. Trop., rude, unpolished, uncultivated, unskilled, awkward, clumsy, ignorant; hence (like ignarus), with gen., unacquainted with, inexperienced in, etc. (cf. imperitus).
(β). With in and abl.: “cum superiores alii fuissent in disputationibus perpoliti, alii in disserendo rudes,Cic. Rep. 1, 8, 13: “(oratorem) nullā in re tironem ac rudem esse debere,id. de Or. 1, 50, 218; (with hebes) id. ib. 1, 58, 248: “rudis in re publicā,id. Phil. 6, 6, 17: “in causā,id. Fam. 4, 1, 1: “in jure civili,id. de Or. 1, 10, 40: “in minoribus navigiis,id. ib. 1, 38, 174: “omnino in nostris poëtis,id. Fin. 1, 2, 5: “sermo nullā in re,id. de Or. 1, 8, 32.—With simple abl. (very rare): “Ennius ingenio maximus, arte rudis,Ov. Tr. 2, 424: “arte,Stat. Th. 6, 437: “studiis,Vell. 2, 73, 1.—
(δ). With ad (very rare): “rudem ad pedestria bella Numidarum gentem esse,Liv. 24, 48, 5: “ad quae (spectacula) rudes tum Romani erant,id. 45, 32, 10; 10, 22, 6; 21, 25, 6: “ad partus,Ov. H. 11, 48: “ad mala,id. P. 3, 7, 18: “rudes adhuc ad resistendum populos,Just. 1, 1, 5: “rudis natio ad voluptates,Curt. 6, 21, 9; 8, 8, 24.—(ε) With dat. (very rare): “fontes rudes puellis,” i. e. strange, Mart. 6, 42, 4.—(ζ) With inf.: “nec ferre rudis medicamina,Sil. 6, 90: “Martem rudis versare,id. 8, 262.— Comp., sup., and adv. do not occur.
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