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rĕd-ĭmo , ēmi, emptum, 3, v. a. emo.
I. To buy back, repurchase (freq. and class.; syn.: recupero, reparo).
B. In partic., to buy back, ransom, release, redeem a prisoner, slave, etc.: Li. Tu redimes me, si me hostes interceperint? De. Redimam, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 93; Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 29: “ut is homo redimatur illi,Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 91; cf. id. Merc. 3, 1, 31: “captos, captivos ab hoste, a praedonibus, etc.,Cic. Off. 2, 16, 55; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 90; cf.: “haec benignitas, redimi e servitute captos,id. Off. 2, 18, 63; Plaut. Pers. 4, 6, 14: “servi in publicum redempti ac manumissi,ransomed, liberated at public cost, Liv. 26, 27: “me raptum pugnā pretiove redemptum Mandere humo,Verg. A. 9, 213; Ov. H. 3, 39; id. Am. 1, 8, 63. — Hence,
2. In gen., to buy off from any thing; to set free, release, rescue: “aliquem a piratis publicā civitatium pecuniā,Vell. 2, 42, 3: “pecuniā se a judicibus, palam redemerat,Cic. Mil. 32, 87; cf.: “se ab inquisitoribus pecuniā,Suet. Caes. 1: “se a Gallis auro,Liv. 22, 59: “se a cane,Petr. 72 fin.: “se ab invidiā fortunae,Plin. 37, 1, 2, § 3: “aliquem suo sanguine ab Acheronte,Nep. Dion, 10, 2; cf.: “fratrem Pollux alternā morte redemit,Verg. A. 6, 121: “corpus (sc. a morbo),Ov. R. Am. 229: “redimite armis civitatem, quam auro majores vestri redemerunt,Liv. 9, 4, 9; 15, 34, 5: so, “redemit Dominus Jacob,Vulg. Jer. 31, 11; id. 1 Pet. 1, 18 et saep. —
II. To buy up.
A. Lit.
1. In gen. (rare): “statim redemi fundos omnes, qui patroni mei fuerant,Petr. 7: “essedum sumptuose fabricatum,Suet. Claud. 16: “libros suppressos,id. Gram. 8.—
(β). Of persons, to hire, bribe: “auditores conducti et redempti,Plin. Ep. 2, 14, 4; so, “plausor redemptus,Petr. 5, 8: “tutor aut curator redemptus,Cod. Just. 5, 1, 4: “aemuli corrupti ac redempti,ib. 10, 54.— More freq. and class.,
2. In partic., a mercant. and jurid. t. t., to take or undertake by contract; to hire, farm, etc.: “Dumnorigem portoria reliquaque omnia Aeduorum vectigalia parvo pretio redempta habere,Caes. B. G. 1, 18; Varr. L. L. 6, § 92 Müll.; cf.: “picarias de censoribus,Cic. Brut. 22, 85: “opus,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54, § 141: “istum eripiendum,id. ib. 2, 1, 11, § “31: vestimenta texenda vel insulam, vel navem fabricandam,Dig. 7, 8, 12 fin.: “litem,to undertake, Cic. Rosc. Com. 12, 35.— Esp., in law, t. t., to undertake the risk of a suit for a consideration (which was held dishonorable; “opp. to the authorized stipulation of a fee): litem te redemisse contra bonos mores,Cod. Just. 2, 12, 15; cf. “also: redimit eventum litium majoris pecuniae praemio contra bonos mores (procurator),Dig. 17, 1, 7: “qui alios actionum suarum redimunt exactores,” i. e. who engage persons to undertake their suits in their own names, Cod. Just. 2, 13, 2; so ib. 2, 13, 1; cf., respecting redimere litem, Mühlenbruch, Die Lehre von der Cession, p. 362 sq.—
B. Trop., to buy, purchase.
2. To buy off, i. e. to ward off, obviate, avert an evil: “quam (acerbitatem) ego a re publicā meis privatis et domesticis incommodis libentissime redemissem,Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 4: “haec vero, quae vel vitā redimi recte possunt, aestimare pecuniā non queo,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 9, § 23: “qui se uno quaestu decumarum omnia sua pericula redempturum esse dicebat,id. ib. 2, 3, 19, § “49: metum virgarum pretio,id. ib. 2, 5, 44, § “117: ignominiam assiduo labore,Front. Strat. 4, 1, 21: “bellum ab Illyriis pactā mercede redimere,Just. 7, 5, 1; cf. “bella,id. 6, 1, 6; 7, 5, 1; 7, 6, 5: “si mea mors redimenda tuā esset,Ov. P. 3, 1, 105; cf.: “nec te pugnantem tua forma redemit,id. M. 12, 393: “qui delatorem redemit,has bought off, hushed up, Dig. 49, 14, 29.—
3. To pay for; to make amends, atone, compensate for a wrong: “flagitium aut facinus redimere,Sall. C. 14, 3: “multa desidiae crimina morte,Vell. 2, 87 Ruhnk.: “nullam congiario culpam,Plin. Pan. 28, 2; cf. simply culpam, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 8: “vitium auctore (sc. Jove),Ov. H. 17, 49: “sua perjuria per nostram poenam,id. Am. 3, 3, 21.—
4. Of one's word or promise, to redeem, keep: “verba sua,Sen. Ben. 4, 36, 1.
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