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scūtum , i, n. (
I.masc. collat. form scū-tus , Turp. ap. Non. 226, 13) [σκῦτος].
I. An oblong shield, made of boards fastened together, and covered with leather, a buckler (whereas clipeus denotes a round shield, target of metal; cf. Veg. Mil. 2, 18): “scutum pro clipeo,Liv. 1, 43: pedestre, of the infantry, Quadrig. ap. Gell. 9, 13, 14; 9, 13, 16; Liv. 6, 8; 7, 10: “equestria,of the cavalry, id. 43, 6: “ad galeas induendas scutisque tegimenta detrahenda tempus defuit,Caes. B. G. 2, 21: “scutis ex cortice factis aut viminibus intextis,id. ib. 2, 33: “sublato scuto,id. B. C. 2, 35: “abjecto scuto fugere,Cic. Tusc. 2, 23, 54: “ut non modo non abjecto, sed ne rejecto quidem scuto fugere videar,id. de Or. 2, 72, 294: “scutum reliquisse praecipuum flagitium,Tac. G. 6: “hastas et scuta reclinant,Verg. A. 12, 130: “fulgentia,id. ib. 8, 93: “longa,id. ib. 8, 539; Ov. Tr. 4, 1, 73; Liv. 7, 26; 38, 17: “erectum altius,Amm. 24, 4, 4.—
B. Transf., heavyarmed soldiers, men bearing shields (late Lat.): “oppidum, ordine circumdatum trino scutorum, oppugnabat,Amm. 24, 4, 10: “Agilo, scutorum densitate contectus,id. 21, 12, 18 al.
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