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servus (-ŏs ), i, m., and serva , ae, f.,
I.a slave, servant, serf, serving-man; a female slave, maid-servant.
A. Masc. (syn.: famulus, mancipium), Enn. ap. Non. 471, 19 (Com. v. 5 Vahl.); Cato ap. Gell. 10, 3, 17: servi, ancillae, id. ap. Fest. s. v. prohibere, p. 234 Müll.; cf.: “Ulixes domi etiam contumelias servorum ancillarumque pertulit,Cic. Off. 1, 31, 113: “servus armiger,Plaut. Cas. 2, 3, 39: “dotalis,id. As. 1, 1, 72: “frugi,id. Aul. 4, 1, 1: “graphicus et quantivis pretii,id. Ep. 3, 3, 29: “nequam et malus,id. Poen. 5, 2, 70: “scelestus, infidelis,id. Trin. 2, 4, 126: “peculiosus,id. Rud. 1, 2, 24: “peculiaris,id. Capt. prol. 20: “fallax,Ov. Am. 1, 15, 17: “servus a pedibus,Cic. Att. 8, 5, 1: “a manu,Suet. Caes. 74: “aliquem servum sibi habere ad manum,Cic. de Or. 3, 60, 225: publici, public slaves, S. C. ap. Front. Aquaed. 100; Varr. ap. Gell. 13, 13, 4; Cic. Phil. 8, 8, 24; Liv. 9, 29 fin. et saep.; cf. Dig. 1, 5, 5.—Prov.: quot servi, tot hostes, Sinn. Capito ap. Fest. s. v. quot, p. 261 Müll.; cf. Sen. Ep. 47, 3; Macr. S. 1, 11 med.—Esp.: poenae servus, a slave of punishment, i. e. condemned to servile labor, Just. Inst. 1, 12, 3; Dig. 48, 19, 17.—
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