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sĭmultas , ātis (
I.gen. plur. simultatium, Liv. 1, 60, 2; 3, 66, 4; 9, 38, 12; 28, 18, 12; 39, 5, 2; 39, 44, 9; Val. Max. 4, 2, 2; “Auct. B. Alex. 49, 2: simultatum,Cic. Fl. 35, 87; Capitol. Ver. 9, 2), f. simul; therefore, orig., a coming together, encounter of two persons or parties; hence,
I. A hostile encounter of two persons or parties, dissension, enmity, rivalry, jealousy, grudge, hatred, animosity (class.; syn.: aemulatio, odium, inimicitia; on account of the idea of reciprocity, most freq. in the plur.).
(α). Sing.: hic id metuit, ne illam vendas ob simultatem suam, * Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 50; Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 2; cf. “gero, II. A.: huic simultas cum Curione intercedebat,Caes. B. C. 2, 25; cf.: cum quo si simultas tibi non fuisset, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 1: sibi privatam simultatem cum Campanis nullam esse, publicas inimicitias esse, Liv. 26, 27, 11; cf.: “simultas cum familiā Barcinā,id. 23, 13, 6: “se numquam cum sorore fuisse in simultate,Nep. Att. 17, 1: “simultate cum Fulviā socru exorta,Suet. Aug. 62: “simultatem deponere,Cic. Att. 3, 24, 2; so (opp. gerere) Suet. Vesp. 6: “multis simultatem indixerit,id. Ner. 25: “dehinc ad simultatem usque processit,id. Tib. 51: “ubi nulla simultas Incidit,Ov. R. Am. 661: “inter finitimos vetus,Juv. 15, 33.—
II. In Hyg., in gen., a strife, contest for a prize (syn. certamen): “cum complures eam peterent in conjugium, simultatem constituit, se ei daturum, qui secum quadrigis certasset victorque exisset,Hyg. Fab. 84; 185: “simultatem constituit,id. ib. 22 and 67.
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