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sŏdālis , is (abl., regularly, sodali;
I.sodale,Mart. 1, 86, 5; Plin. Ep. 2, 13, 6), comm. cf. Sanscr. svadhā, will, power; Gr. ἔθος, custom; v. Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 251.
b. In the poets, adject.: “turba sodalis,the band of friends, Ov. R. Am. 586.—Of things: “Hebrus,Hor. C. 1, 25, 19: “cratera,id. ib. 3, 18, 6.—
II. In partic.
A. A fellow or member of a corporation, society, fraternity, college, etc.: sodales sunt, qui ejusdem collegii sunt, quam Graeci ἑταιρίαν vocant, Dig. 47, 12, 4.—Of the members of a college of priests: “sodales in Lupercis,Cic. Cael. 11, 26: “Sodales Titii,Tac. A. 1, 54: “Augustales,id. ib. 3, 64; Suet. Claud. 6; id. Galb. 8; Inscr. Orell. 2364 sq.; 1588; 1593; 1611 et saep.—
B. In a bad sense, a participator, accomplice in unlawful secret associations (esp. for buying votes, plotting against the State, etc.): “quos tu si sodales vocas, officiosam amicitiam nomine inquinas criminoso,Cic. Planc. 19, 46: “tu in illis es decem sodalibus: Te in exsilium ire hinc oportet,Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 12.—
2. A gallant, Mart. 9, 3, 8; Hier. adv. Juv. 1, 48.
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