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sŏlĕa , ae, f. solum.
I. A slipper consisting of a sole fastened on by a strap across the instep, a sandal: “omnia ferme id genus, quibus plantarum calces tantum infimae teguntur, cetera prope nuda et teretibus habenis vincta sunt, soleas dixerunt, nonnumquam voce Graecā crepidulas,Gell. 13, 21, 5 (worn by men in the house only: considered as a mark of effeminacy if worn out of doors): NEIVE QVIS IN POPLICO LVCI PRAETEXTAM NEIVE SOLEAS HABETO, Lex in Marin. Fratr. Arv. p. 569; cf. Hor. S. 1, 3, 128; and v. soleatus: ut vendat soleam dimidiatam, Lucil. ap. Gell. 3, 14, 10; cf. Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 63; id. Truc. 2, 5, 26; Prop. 2, 29 (3, 27), 40; Ov. A. A. 2, 212; Plin. 34, 6, 14, § 31; Pers. 5, 169; Juv. 6, 612; Mart. 14, 65, 1.—These sandals were taken off on reclining at table, and resumed after the meal: “deme soleas: cedo, bibam,Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 16: “cedo soleas mihi: auferte mensam,id. ib. 2, 4, 12: “deponere soleas,Mart. 3, 50, 3: “poscere soleas,Hor. S. 2, 8, 77; Sen. Contr. 4, 25 med.: “soleas festinare,to put on in haste, Sall. H. 1, 105 Dietsch; cf. Becker, Gallus, 3, p. 130 sq.—
II. Transf., of things of a like shape.
A. A kind of fetter: “ligneae,Cic. Inv. 2, 50, 149; Auct. Her. 1, 13, 23.—
B. A kind of shoe for animals (not nailed on, like our horseshoes, which were unknown to the ancients, but drawn on and taken off again when not needed), Cat. 17, 26; Col. 6, 12, 2; Veg. 4, 9, 2 and 4; Suet. Ner. 30 fin.; Plin. 33, 11, 49, § 140.— *
C. A kind of oil-press, Col. 12, 50, 6.—
D. A kind of fish, a sole: Pleuronectes solea, Linn.; Ov. Hal. 124; Col. 8, 16, 7; Plin. 9, 15, 20, § 52; 32, 9, 32, § 102.—In a lusus verbb. with signif. I., Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 59.—
E. A sill: solea, ut ait Verrius, est non solum ea, quae solo pedis subicitur sed etiam pro materiā robusteā, super quam paries craticius exstruitur, Fest. pp. 300 and 301 Müll.—*
F. The sole of the foot of animals, Veg. 1, 56, 31.
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