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sōpio , īvi or ĭi, ītum, 4, v. a. sopor,
I.to deprive of feeling or sense; esp. by sleep, to put or lull to sleep.
I. Lit. (class.; most freq. in part. perf.; in Cic. only so; cf. sedo): impactus ita est saxo, ut sopiretur, became unconscious or senseless, was stunned, Liv. 8, 6; 1, 41; Plin. 9, 16, 25, § 58: “vino oneratos sopire,Liv. 9, 30; 24, 46 fin.; Tib. 3, 4, 19; Ov. M. 7, 149; 7, 213.—In part. perf.: castoreo gravi mulier sopita recumbit, Lucr b, 794; so, “sopitum vulnere ac nihil sentientem,Liv. 42, 16: “quem vigilantem sic eluseritis, sopitum oportet fallatis,id. 7, 35, 6: “delphinus sopitus odoris novitate,Plin. 9, 8, 8, § 26: “ut sopito corpore ipse (animus) vigilet,Cic. Div. 1, 51, 115; 1, 29, 60: “hostes,Liv. 8, 16; 25, 9 (opp. vigiles); 31, 23; Petr. 87, 7; Lucr. 3, 431; 3, 920; Ov. M. 9, 471; 12, 317: “sensus,Verg. A. 10, 642; Col. 10, 367: sopitae quietis tempus, of deep or sound sleep, Liv. 9, 37.—
B. In the poets, pregn., to lay to rest, i. e. to kill: “aliquem fundā,Sil. 10, 153.—Pass., to be laid to rest, to die: “(Homerus) sceptra potitus, eādem aliis sopitu' quiete est,Lucr. 3, 1038; cf. id. ib. 3, 904.—
II. Transf., of things concr. and abstr., to lull to sleep, set, or lay at rest; to calm, settle, still, quiet: “venti sopiuntur,Plin. 2, 47, 48, § 129: “sopito mari,id. 2, 79, 81, § 192: “sopitos suscitat ignes,Verg. A. 5, 743; 8, 410; cf.: “aras excitat,id. ib. 8, 542: draconis saevi sopivi impetum, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 252 P. (Trag. v. 314 Vahl.): haec omnia veteris imperatoris maturitas brevi sopiit ac sustulit, Vell. 2, 125, 3.—Part. perf.: “quibus (blandimentis) sopita virtus coniveret,lulled to sleep, Cic. Cael. 17, 41: “munera militiaï,Lucr. 1, 29: “furor armorum ubique,Vell. 2, 89, 3: “ingenium pecudis,Col. 6, 37, 2: “gloria vitiis,Val. Max. 9, 1, ext. 1: “artes,Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 264.
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