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sordes , is (abl. sordi, Lucr. 6, 1271; usu. sorde), f. sordeo,
I.dirt, filth, uncleanness, squalor (class.; esp. freq. in a trop. sense, and in plur.; syn.: situs, squalor, caenum, illuvies).
I. Lit.
B. Transf., plur., a mourning garment (because usu. soiled or dirty); and hence, mourning in gen. (syn. squalor): “jacere in lacrimis et sordibus,Cic. Fam. 14, 2, 2; cf.: “in sordibus, lamentis, luctuque jacuisti,id. Pis. 36, 89: “mater squalore hujus et sordibus laetatur,id. Clu. 6, 18; 67, 192; id. Mur. 40, 86: “sordes lugubres vobis erant jucundae,id. Dom. 23, 59; Liv. 6, 16 fin.; Quint. 6, 1, 33; Suet. Vit. 8: “suscipere sordes,Tac. A. 4, 52; id. Or. 12; Val. Max. 7, 8, 7.—
II. Trop., lowness or meanness of rank, a low condition; meanness, baseness of behavior or disposition (syn. illiberalitas).
2. Concr., the dregs of the people, the mob, rabble (syn. faex): “apud sordem urbis et faecem,Cic. Att. 1, 16, 11; so (with caenum) Plin. Ep. 7, 29, 3: “sordes et obscuritatem Vitellianarum partium,Tac. H. 1, 84.—Hence, as a term of abuse: “o lutum, o sordes!low-minded creature, Cic. Pis. 26, 62.—
B. In partic., meanness, stinginess, niggardliness, sordidness (cf.: parcimonia, avaritia).
(β). Sing.: “nullum hujus in privatis rebus factum avarum, nullam in re familiari sordem posse proferri,Cic. Fl. 3, 7; so (with avaritia) Tac. H. 1, 52; 1, 60: “extremae avaritiae et sordis infimae infamis,App. M. 1, p. 112, 2.
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