previous next
stătŭo , ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a. stătum, sup. of sto,
I.to cause to stand (cf.: colloco, pono).
I. Corporeally.
A. To cause to stand, set up, set, station, fix in an upright position.
1. To set up, set in the ground, erect: “ibi arbores pedicino in lapide statuito,Cato, R. R. 18: “inter parietes arbores ubi statues,id. ib.: “stipites statuito,id. ib.: “palis statutis crebris,Varr. R. R. 1, 14 init.: “pedamenta jacentia statuenda,are to be raised, Col. 4, 26: “pedamentum inter duas vitis,Plin. 17, 22, 21, § 194: “hic statui volo primum aquilam,the standard of the troops, Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 7: “signifer, statue signum,plant the ensign, Liv. 5, 55, 1; Val. Max. 1, 5, 1.—
3. In gen., to place, set or fix, set up, set forth things or persons.
a. Without specifying the place: “ollam statuito cum aquā,let a jar stand with water, Cato, R. R. 156 (157): “crateras magnos statuunt, i. e. on the table,Verg. A. 1, 724; so, “crateras laeti statuunt,id. ib. 7, 147: haec carina satis probe fundata et bene statuta est, well placed, i. e. so that the hull stands perpendicularly (cf.: “bene lineatam carinam collocavit, v. 42),Plaut. Mil. 3, 3, 44: “nec quidquam explicare, nec statuere potuerant, nec quod statutum esset, manebat, omnia perscindente vento,Liv. 21, 58, 7: “eo die tabernacula statui passus non est,to pitch, Caes. B. C. 1, 81; so, aciem statuere, to draw up an army: “aciem quam arte statuerat, latius porrigit,Sall. J. 52, 6.—
b. With designation of the place by in and abl.; by adv. of place; by ante, apud, ad, circa, super, and acc.; by pro and abl.; by abl. alone (very rare), or by in and acc. (very rare): signa domi pro supellectile statuere, Cato ap. Prisc. 7, 19, 95 (p. 782 P.): “statuite hic lectulos,Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 7: “etiamsi in caelo Capitolium statueretur,Cic. Or. 3, 46, 180: “statuitur Sollius in illo gladiatorum convivio ... atuitur, ut dico, eques Romanus in Apronii convivio,is taken to the banquet, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 25, § 61 sq.: “tabernacula in foro statuere,Liv. 39, 46, 3: “in principiis statuit tabernaculum,Nep. Eum. 7, 1: “in nostris castris tibi tabernaculum statue,Curt. 5, 11, 6; 8, 13, 20: “statui in medium undique conspicuum tabernaculum jussit,id. 9, 6, 1: “(sagittae) longae, nisi prius in terrā statuerent arcum, haud satis apte imponuntur,id. 8, 14, 19: “sedes curules sacerdotum Augustalium locis, superque eas querceae coronae statuerentur,Tac. A. 2, 83: “donum deae apud Antium statuitur,id. ib. 3, 71: “pro rigidis calamos columnis,Ov. F. 3, 529: “jamque ratem Scythicis auster statuisset in oris,Val. Fl. 3, 653: “statuere vas in loco frigido,Pall. Oct. 22.—Of living beings: “capite in terram statuerem, Ut cerebro dispergat viam,Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 18: “qui capite ipse sua in statuit vestigia sese (= qui sese ipse capite in sua vestigia statuit),” i. e. stands on his head, Lucr. 4, 472: “patrem ejus a mortuis excitasses, statuisses ante oculos,Cic. Or. 1, 57, 245: “captivos vinctos in medio statuit,Liv. 21, 42, 1: “ubi primum equus Curtium in vado statuit,id. 1, 13, 5: “quattuor cohortes in fronte statuit,id. 28, 33, 12: “ante se statuit funditores,id. 42, 58, 10: “puerum ad canendum ante tibicinem cum statuisset,id. 7, 2, 9: “procul in conspectu eum (Philopoemenem) statuerunt,id. 39, 49, 11: “media porta robora legionum, duabus circa portis milites levemque armaturam statuit,id. 23, 16, 8: “bovem ad fanum Dianae et ante aram statuit,id. 1, 45, 6: “cum Calchanta circa aram statuisset,Val. Max. 8, 11, ext. 6: “marium si qui eo loci statuisset,id. 3, 1, 2 fin.: “adulescentes ante Caesarem statuunt,Tac. A. 4, 8: “in fronte statuerat ferratos, in cornibus cohortes,id. ib. 3, 45: “puer quis Ad cyathum statuetur?Hor. C. 1, 29, 8: “tu cum pro vitulā statuis dulcem Aulide natam Ante aras,id. S. 2, 3, 199: “et statuam ante aras auratā fronte juvencum,Verg. A. 9, 627: “clarā regione profundi Aetheros innumeri statuerunt agmina cygni,Stat. Th. 3, 525.—
4. Pregn., to construct and place, to set up after constructing, to erect, make.
a. Of statues, temples, columns, altars, trophies, etc.; constr. with acc. alone, or acc. of the structure and dat. of the person for whom or in whose honor it is erected: “siquidem mihi aram et statuam statuis,Plaut. As. 3, 3, 122: “huic statuam statui decet ex auro,id. Bacch. 4, 4, 1: “ne ego aureā pro statuā vineam tibi statuam,id. Curc. 1, 2, 52: “eique statuam equestrem in rostris statui placere,Cic. Phil. 5, 15, 41; so id. ib. 9, 5, 10; 9, 7, 16; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 62, § 151; 2, 2, 20, § 48; so, “simulacrum alicui statuere,Val. Max. 1, 1, 8: “effigiem,Verg. A. 2, 184: “Mancinus eo habitu sibi statuit quo, etc. (effigiem),Plin. 34, 5, 10, § 18: “simulacrum in curiā,Tac. A. 14, 12: “quānam in civitate tempium statueretur,id. ib. 4, 55: “se primos templum urbis Romae statuisse,id. ib. 4, 56; so id. ib. 4, 15: “nec tibi de Pario statuam, Germanice, templum,Ov. P. 4, 8, 31: “templa tibi statuam, tribuam tibi turis honorem,id. M. 14, 128: “super terrae tumulum noluit quid statui nisi columellam,Cic. Leg. 2, 26, 66: “victimas atque aras diis Manibus statuentes,Tac. A. 3, 2: “statuitque aras e cespite,Ov. M. 7, 240: “statuantur arae,Sen. Med. 579: “aëneum statuerunt tropaeum,Cic. Inv. 2, 23, 69: “monumentum,id. ib. § 70; so, “in alio orbe tropaea statuere,Curt. 7, 7, 14; “so,Plin. 3, 3, 4, § 18: ut illum di perdant qui primus statuit hic solarium, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Gell. 3, 3, 5: “princeps Romanis solarium horologium statuisse L. Papirius Cursor proditur,Plin. 7, 60, 60, § 213: “a miliario in capite Romani fori statuto,id. 3, 5, 9, § 66: “carceres eo anno in Circo primum statuti,Liv. 8, 20, 1: “quo molem hanc immanis equi statuere?Verg. A. 2, 150: “multo altiorem statui crucem jussit,Suet. Galb. 9: “obeliscam,Plin. 36, 9, 14, § 71: “at nunc disturba quas statuisti machinas,Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 137: “incensis operibus quae statuerat,Nep. Milt. 7, 4: “si vallum statuitur procul urbis illecebris,Tac. A. 4, 2: “castra in quinto lapide a Carthagine statuit,Just. 22, 6, 9.—
b. Poet. and in post-class. prose (rare): “aliquem statuere = alicui statuam statuere: inter et Aegidas mediā statuaris in urbe,Ov. H. 2, 67: “statuarque tumulo hilaris et coronatus,my statue will be erected, Tac. Dial. 13; so with two acc.: custodem medio statuit quam vilicus horto, whose statue he placed as protectress, etc., Mart. 3, 68, 9; cf. “in double sense: nudam te statuet, i. e. nudam faciet (= nudabit fortunis), and statuam tibi nu dam faciet,Mart. 4, 28, 8.—
5. Of cities, etc., to establish, found, build (in class. prose usu. condo): “Agamemnon tres ibi urbes statuit,Vell. 1, 1, 2: “urbem quam statuo vestra est,Verg. A. 1, 573: “urbom praeclaram,id. ib. 4, 655: “Persarum statuit Babylona Semiramis urbem,Prop. 3, 11 (4, 10), 21: “ibi civitatem statuerunt,Just. 23, 1; so, “licentia et impunitas asyla statuendi (= aperiendi),Tac. A. 3, 60.—Hence, transf.: carmen statuere = carmen condere, to compose, devise a song: “nunc volucrum ... inexpertum carmen, quod tacitā statuere brumā,Stat. S. 4, 5, 12.—
B. To cause to stand still, to stop (rare; cf. “sisto, III. B.): navem extemplo statuimus,Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 57: “et statuit fessos, fessus et ipse, boves,Prop. 4 (5), 9, 4.famuli hoc modo statuerunt aquas,Arn. 1, p. 30: sanguinem, Oct. Hor. 4.—
C. To cause to stand firm, strengthen, support (rare; = stabilire), only transf.: qui rem publicam certo animo adjuverit, statuerit, Att. ap. Cic. Sest. 56, 120 (Trag. Rel. v. 357 Rib.).
II. Trop.
A. To establish, constitute (= constituo).
1. Esp.: exemplum or documentum (v. edo fin., and cf. Sen. Phoen. 320), to set forth an example or precedent for warning or imitation: “statuite exemplum impudenti, date pudori praemium,Plaut. Rud. 3, 2, 6: “exemplum statuite in me ut adulescentuli Vobis placere studeant potius quam sibi,Ter. Heaut. prol. 51; Auct. Her. 4, 35, 47: “ut illi intellegere possint, in quo homine statueris exemplum hujus modi,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 45, § 111: “in quos aliquid exempli populus Romanus statui putat oportere,id. ib. 2, 3, 90, § “210: statuam in te exemplum, ne quis posthac infelicibus miseriis patriae illudat,Just. 8, 7, 14: “documentum autem statui oportere, si quis resipiscat et antiquam societatem respiciat,Liv. 24, 45, 5: statueretur immo documentum, quo uxorem imperator acciperet, a precedent, Tac. A. 12, 6.—
2. Jus statuere, to establish a principle or relation of law: “ut (majores nostri) omnia omnium rerum jura statuerint,Cic. Caecin. 12, 34: qui magistratum potestatemve habebit, si quid in aliquem novi juris statuerit, ipse quoque, adversario postulante, eodem jure uti debebit, if he has established any new principle of law, Edict. Praet. in Dig. 2, 2, 1, § 1: “si quid injungere inferiori velis, id prius in te ac tuos si ipse juris statueris, facilius omnes oboedientes habeas,if you first admit it against yourself, Liv. 26, 36, 3: “si dicemus in omnibus aequabile jus statui convenire,equal principles of law should be applied to all, Auct. Her. 3, 3, 4. —
B. To determine, fix, etc. (of temporal or local relations); constr. usually with acc. and dat. or acc. and gen.
1. Modum statuere alicui or alicujus rei, to determine the manner, mode, or measure of, assign limits, restrictions or restraints to a thing or person, to impose restraints upon.
(α). With dat.: “diuturnitati imperii modum statuendum putavistis,that a limit should be assigned to the duration of his power, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 26: “statui mihi tum modum et orationi meae,imposed restraints upon myself and my words, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 63, § 163: “non statuendo felicitati modum, nec cohibendo fortunam,by not assigning any limits to his success, Liv. 30, 30, 23 (Pompeium) affirmabant, libertati publicae statuturum modum, Vell. 2, 40: “cupidinibus statuat natura modum,Hor. S. 1, 2, 111: “quem modum sibi ipsa statuit (crudelitas)?Val. Max. 9, 2 pr.: “modum ipsae res statuunt (i. e. sibi),Plin. 28, 15, 61, § 216: “modum nuptiarum sumptibus statuerunt,Just. 21, 4, 5: “timori quem meo statuam modum?Sen. Thyest. 483; “and with finem: jam statui aerumnis modum et finem cladi,id. Herc. Fur. 206. —
(β). With gen.: “honestius te inimicitiarum modum statuere potuisse quam me humanitatis,Cic. Sull. 17, 48: “ipse modum statuam carminis,Ov. Tr. 1, 11, 44: “errorisque sui sic statuisse modum,Prop. 3, 12 (4, 11), 36: “modum statuunt fellis pondere denarii,they limit the quantity of the gall to the weight of a denarius, Plin. 28, 19, 77, § 254.—
2. Condicionem or legem alicui, to impose a condition or law upon one, to dictate, assign a condition to: “hanc tu condicionem statuis Gaditanis,Cic. Balb. 10, 25: “providete ne duriorem vobis condicionem statuatis ordinique vestro quam ferre possit,id. Rab. Post. 6, 15: “alter eam sibi legem statuerat ut, etc.,id. Phil. 10, 6, 12: pretio statutā lege ne modum excederet, etc., the law being assigned to the price that not, etc., i. e. the price being limited by the law, etc., Plin. 33, 7, 40, § 118: “pacis legem universae Graeciae statuit,Just. 9, 5, 2.—So with ellipsis of dat., to agree upon, stipulate: “statutis condicionibus,Just. 6, 1, 3: “omnibus consentientibus Carthago conditur, statuto annuo vectigali pro solo urbis,id. 18, 5, 14. —
3. Finem, to assign or put an end to, make an end of: “haud opinor commode Finem statuisse orationi militem,Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 21: “et finem statuit cuppedinis atque timoris,Lucr. 6, 25: “cum Fulvius Flaccus finem poenae eorum statuere cogeretur,Val. Max. 3, 2, ext. 1: majores vestri omnium magnarum rerum et principia exorsi ab diis sunt, et finem statuerunt, finished, Liv. 45, 39, 10; so, “terminum: nam templis numquam statuetur terminus aevi,Stat. S. 3, 1, 180: “cum consilii tui bene fortiterque suscepti eum tibi finem statueris, quem ipsa fortuna terminum nostrarum contentionum esse voluisset,since you have assigned that end, Cic. Fam. 6, 22, 2.—
4. Pretium alicui rei, to assign a price to something; fix, determine the price of something: “quae probast mers, pretium ei statuit,Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 132: “numquam avare pretium statui arti meae,Ter. Heaut. prol. 48: “statuit frumento pretium,Tac. A. 2, 87; so with dat. understood: “ut eos (obsides) pretio quantum ipsi statuissent patres redimi paterentur,Liv. 45, 42, 7: “pretium statuit (i. e. vecturae et sali),id. 45, 29, 13; so with in and acc.: ut in singulas amphoras (vini) centeni nummi statuantur, that the price may be set down at 100 sesterces for an amphora, Plin. 14, 4, 6, § 56.—
5. Statuere diem, horam, tempus, locum alicui rei, or alicui, or with dat. gerund., to assign or appoint a day, time, place, etc. (for the more usual diem dicere): “statutus est comitiis dies,Liv. 24, 27, 1: “diem patrando facinori statuerat,id. 35, 35, 15: “multitudini diem statuit ante quam sine fraude liceret ab armis discedere,Sall. C. 36, 2: “dies insidiis statuitur,id. J. 70, 3: “ad tempus locumque colloquio statuendum,Liv. 28, 35, 4: “subverti leges quae sua spatia (= tempora) quaerendis aut potiundis honoribus statuerint,Tac. A. 2, 36.—With ellipsis of dat.: “observans quem statuere diem,Mart. 4, 54, 6: “noctem unam poscit: statuitur nox,Tac. A. 13, 44.—Esp. in the part. statutus, fixed, appointed (in MSS. and edd. often confounded with status; v. sisto fin.): “institum ut quotannis ... libri diebus statutis (statis) recitarentur,Suet. Claud. 42: “ut die statutā omnes equos ante regiam producerent,Just. 1, 10, 1: “quaedam (genera) statutum tempus anni habent,Plin. 17, 18, 30, § 135: “fruges quoque maturitatem statuto tempore expectant,Curt. 6, 3, 7: “sacrificium non esse redditum statuto tempore,id. 8, 2, 6: “statuto tempore quo urbem Mithridati traderet,Just. 16, 4, 9: “cum ad statutam horam omnes convenissent,id. 1, 10, 8: “intra tempus statutum,fixed by the law, Dig. 4, 4, 19 and 20.—
6. To recount, count up, state (very rare): statue sex et quinquaginta annos, quibus mox divus Augustus rempublicam rexit: adice Tiberii tres et viginti ... centum et viginti anni colliguntur, count, fix the number at, Tac. Or. 17: “Cinyphiae segetis citius numerabis aristas ... quam tibi nostrorum statuatur summa laborum,Ov. P. 2, 7, 29.—
C. To decide, determine, with reference to a result, to settle, fix, bring about, choose, make a decision.
1. Of disputes, differences, questions, etc., between others.
(β). With de: “ut consules de Caesaris actis cognoscerent, statuerent, judicarent,Cic. Att. 16, 16, B, 8: “et collegas suos de religione statuisse, in senatu de lege statuturos,id. ib. 4, 2, 4: “ut de absente eo C. Licinius statueret ac judicaret,Liv. 42, 22: “si de summā rerum liberum senatui permittat rex statuendi jus,id. 42, 62: qui ab exercitu ab imperatore eove cui de eā re statuendi potestas fuerit, dimissus erit, Edict. Praet. in Dig. 3, 2, 1.—Often with reference to punishment: “cum de P. Lentulo ceterisque statuetis, pro certo habetote, vos simul de exercitu Catilinae decernere,Sall. C. 52, 17: “satis visum de Vestiliā statuere,to pass sentence against, Tac. A. 2, 85: “jus statuendi de procuratoribus,id. ib. 12, 54: “facta patribus potestate statuendi de Caeciliano,id. ib. 6, 7; so id. ib. 13, 28; cf. id. ib. 15, 14; 2, 85; Suet. Tib. 61 fin.—In partic.: de se statuere, to decide on, or dispose of one's self, i. e. of one's life, = to commit suicide: “eorum qui de se statuebant humabantur corpora,Tac. A. 6, 29.—
(γ). With de and abl. and interrog.-clause: “si quibusdam populis permittendum esse videatur ut statuant ipsi de suis rebus quo jure uti velint,Cic. Balb. 8, 22.—
(δ). With contra: “consequeris tamen ut eos ipsos quos contra statuas aequos placatosque dimittas,Cic. Or. 10, 34. —(ε) With indef. obj., usu. a neutr. pron.: “utrum igitur hoc Graeci statuent ... an nostri praetores?Cic. Fl. 12, 27: “dixisti quippiam: fixum (i. e. id) et statutum est,id. Mur. 30, 62: “eoque utrique quod statuit contenti sunt,Caes. B. C. 1, 87: “senatus, ne quid absente rege statueret,Liv. 39, 24, 13: “maturato opus est, quidquid statuere placet (senatui),id. 8, 13, 17: “id ubi in P. Licinio ita statutum est,id. 41, 15, 10: “interrogatus quid ipse victorem statuere debere censeret,Curt. 8, 14, 43: “quid in futurum statuerim, aperiam,Tac. A. 4, 37: “utque rata essent quae procuratores sui in judicando statuerent,Suet. Claud. 12; “qul statuit aliquid parte inauditā alterā, aequum licet statuerit, haud aequus fuit,Sen. Med. 2, 199: “non ergo quod libet statuere arbiter potest,Dig. 4, 8, 32, § 15; cf.: “earum rerum quas Caesar statuisset, decrevisset, egisset,Cic. Att. 16, 16, C, 11.—(ζ) With de or super and abl.: “vos de crudelissimis parricidis quid statuatis cunctamini?Sall. C. 52, 31: “nihil super re nisi ex voluntate filii statuere,Suet. Tib. 13: “ne quid super tantā re absente principe statueretur,Tac. H. 4, 9.—(η) Absol., mostly pass. impers.: “ita expediri posse consilium ut pro merito cujusque statueretur,Liv. 8, 14, 1: “tunc ut quaeque causa erit statuetis,id. 3, 53, 10: “non ex rumore statuendum,decisions should not be founded on rumors, Tac. A. 3, 69.—(θ) With cognoscere, to examine (officially) and decide: “petit ut vel ipse de eo causā cognitā statuat, vel civitatem statuere jubeat,Caes. B. G. 1, 19: “consuli ut cognosceret statueretque senatus permiserat,Liv. 39, 3, 2: “missuros qui de eorum controversiis cognoscerent statuerentque,id. 40, 20, 1; 45, 13, 11: “quod causā cognitā erit statuendum,Dig. 2, 11, 2, § 8.—
2. With reference to the mind of the subject, to decide, to make up one's mind, conclude, determine, be convinced, usu. with interrog.clause: “numquam intellegis, statuendum tibi esse, utrum illi homicidae sint an vindices libertatis,Cic. Phil. 2, 12, 30: “illud mirum videri solet, tot homines ... statuere non potuisse, utrum judicem an arbitrum, rem an litem dici oporteret,id. Mur. 12, 27: “neque tamen possum statuere, utrum magis mirer, etc.,id. de Or. 3, 22, 82: “ipsi statuerent, quo tempore possent suo jure arma capere,id. Tull. 5, 12: “ut statuerem quid esset faciendum,id. Att. 7, 26, 3: “statuere enim qui sit sapiens, vel maxime videtur esse sapientis,id. Ac. 2, 3, 9: “si habes jam statutum quid tibi agendum putes,id. Fam. 4, 2, 4: “tu quantum tribuendum nobis putes statuas ipse, et, ut spero, statues ex nostrā dignitate,id. ib. 5, 8, 4: “vix statui posse utrum quae pro se, an quae contra fratrem petiturus esset ab senatu magis impetrabilia forent,Liv. 45, 19, 6: “quam satis statuerat, utram foveret partem,id. 42, 29, 11: “posse ipsam Liviam statuere, nubendum post Drusum, an, etc.,Tac. A. 4, 40: “statue quem poenae extrahas,Sen. Troad. 661.—So with apud animum, to make up one's mind: “vix statuere apud animum meum possum atrum pejor ipsa res an pejore exemplo agatur,Liv. 34, 2, 4: “proinde ipsi primum statuerent apud animos quid vellent,id. 6, 39, 11.—Rarely with neutr, pron. as object: “quidquid nos de communi sententiā statuerimus,Cic. Fam. 4, 1, 2: “sic statue, quidquid statuis, ut causam famamque tuam in arto stare scias,Sen. Herc. Fur. 1306.—
D. To decree, order, prescribe.
1. With ut or ne: statuunt ut decem milia hominum in oppidum submittantur, Caes. B. G. 7, 21: “eos (Siculos) statuisse ut hoc quod dico postularet,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 42, § 103: “statuunt illi atque decernunt ut eae litterae ... removerentur,id. ib. 2, 2, 71, § “173: statuit iste ut arator ... vadimonium promitteret,id. ib. 2, 3, 15, § “38: orare patres ut statuerent ne absentium nomina reciperentur,id. ib. 2, 2, 42, § “103: statuitur ne post M. Brutum proconsulem sit Creta provincia,id. Phil. 2, 38, 97: “(Tiberius) auxit patrum honorem statuendo ut qui ad senatum provocavissent, etc.,Tac. A. 14, 28: “statuiturque (a senatu) ut ... in servitute haberentur,id. ib. 12, 53.—So of a decree, determination, or agreement by several persons or parties to be carried out by each of them: “statutum esse (inter plebem et Poenos) ut ... impedimenta diriperent,Liv. 23, 16, 6: “Athenienses cum statuerent, ut urbe relictā naves conscenderent,Cic. Off. 3, 11, 48: “statuunt ut fallere custodes tentent,Ov. M. 4, 84.—
2. With acc. (post-Aug.): “remedium statuere,to prescribe a remedy against public abuses, Tac. A. 3, 28; 6, 4: “Caesar ducentesimam (vectigalis) in posterum statuit,decreed that one half of one per cent. be the tax, id. ib. 2, 42.—So with sic (= hoc): “sic, di, statuistis,Ov. M. 4, 661.—
3. With dat. and acc. (not ante-Aug.): “eis (Vestalibus) stipendium de publico statuit,decreed, allowed a salary, Liv. 1, 20, 3: “Aurelio quoque annuam pecuniam statuit princeps,decreed, granted, Tac. A. 13, 34: “biduum criminibus obiciendis statuitur,are allowed, id. ib. 3, 13: “itaque et alimenta pueris statuta ... et patribus praemia statuta,Just. 12, 4, 8: “ceu Aeolus insanis statuat certamina ventis,Stat. Th. 6, 300: “non hoc statui sub tempore rebus occasum Aeoniis,id. ib. 7, 219: “statuere alicui munera,Val. Fl. 2, 566.—
5. In partic., of punishment, etc., to decree, measure out, inflict.
(β). With indef. obj., generally with in and acc.: aliquid gravius in aliquem, to proceed severely against: “obsecrare coepit, ne quid gravius in fratrem statueret,Caes. B. G. 1, 20: “fac aliquid gravius in Hejum statuisse Mamertinos,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 9, § 19: “res monet cavere ab illis magis quam quid in illos statuamus consultare,Sall. C. 52, 3: “qui cum triste aliquid statuit, fit tristis et ipse,Ov. P. 2, 2, 119: “si quid ob eam rem de se crudelius statuerent,Just. 2, 15, 10.—
(γ). With a word expressing the kind of punishment (post-Aug.): “in Pompeiam Sabinam exilium statuitur,Tac. A. 6, 24 (18).—
(δ). De capite, to pass sentence of death: “legem illam praeclaram quae de capite civis Romani nisi comitiis centuriatis statui vetaret,Cic. Rep. 2, 36, 61.—
E. Referring to one's own acts, to resolve, determine, purpose, to propose, with inf. (first in Cic.; “freq. and class.): statuit ab initio et in eo perseveravit, jus publicano non dicere,Cic. Prov. Cons. 5, 10: “P. Clodius cum statuisset omni scelere in praeturā vexare rem publicam,id. Mil. 9, 24: “statuerat excusare,to decline the office, id. Lig. 7, 21: “cum statuissem scribere ad te aliquid,id. Off. 1, 2, 4: “quod iste certe statuerat et deliberaverat non adesse,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 1, § 1: “se statuisse animum advertere in omnes nauarchos,id. ib. 2, 5, 40, § “105: nam statueram in perpetuum tacere,id. Fam. 4, 4, 4: “statueram ... nihil de illo dicere,id. Fragm. Clod. 1, 1: “statueram rectā Appiā Romam (i. e. venire),id. Att. 16, 10, 1: “Pompeius statuerat bello decertare,Caes. B. C. 3, 86: si cedere hinc statuisset, Liv. 44, 39, 7: “triumphare mense Januario statuerat,id. 39, 15: “immemor sim propositi quo statui non ultra attingere externa nisi qua Romanis cohaererent rebus,id. 39, 48: “rex quamquam dissimulare statuerat,id. 42, 21: “opperiri ibi hostium adventum statuit,id. 42, 54, 9: “ut statuisse non pugnare consules cognitum est,id. 2, 45, 9: “exaugurare fana statuit,id. 1, 55, 2: “Delphos mittere statuit,id. 1, 56, 5: “eos deducere in agros statuerunt,id. 40, 38, 2: “tradere se, ait, moenia statuisse,id. 8, 25, 10: “Samnitium exercitus certamine ultimo fortunam experiri statuit,id. 7, 37, 4: “statuit sic adfectos hosti non obicere,id. 44, 36, 2: “sub idem tempus statuit senatus Carthaginem excidere,Vell. 1, 12, 2: “statui pauca disserere,Tac. H. 4, 73: “amoliri juvenem specie honoris statuit,id. A. 2, 42: “statuerat urbem novam condere,Curt. 4, 8, 1: “statuerat parcere urbi conditae a Cyro,id. 7, 6, 20: “rex statuerat inde abire,id. 7, 11, 4: “Alexander statuerat ex Syriā petere Africam,id. 10, 1, 17; 10, 5, 24; 5, 27 (9), 13; so, “statutum habere cum animo ac deliberatum,to have firmly and deliberately resolved, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 41, § 95.—With sic: “caedis initium fecisset a me, sic enim statuerat,id. Phil. 3, 7, 29.—
F. To judge, declare as a judgment, be of opinion, hold (especially of legal opinions), think, consider (always implying the establishment of a principle, or a decided conviction; cf.: existimo, puto, etc.).
1. With acc. and inf.
a. In gen.: “senatus consulta falsa delata ab eo judicavimus ... leges statuimus per vim et contra auspicia latas,Cic. Phil. 12, 5, 12: “statuit senatus hoc ne illi quidem esse licitum cui concesserat omnia,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 35, § 81: “quin is tamen (judex) statuat fieri non posse ut de isto non severissime judicetur,id. ib. 2, 3, 62, § “144: hujusce rei vos (recuperatores) statuetis nullam esse actionem qui obstiterit armatis hominibus?id. Caecin. 13, 39, ut quisquam juris numeretur peritus, qui id statuit esse jus quod non oporteat judicari, who holds that to be the law, id. ib. 24, 68: “is (Pompeius) se in publico statuit esse non posse,id. Pis. 13, 29: “tu unquam tantam plagam tacitus accipere potuisses, nisi hoc ita statuisses, quidquid dixisses te deterius esse facturum?Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 58, § 133: “si causa cum causā contenderet, nos nostram perfacile cuivis probaturos statuebamus,we were sure, id. Quint. 30, 92: “non statuit sibi quidquam licere quod non patrem suum facere vidisset,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 90, § 211: “hi sibi nullam societatem communis utilitatis causā statuunt esse cum civibus,assume, id. Off. 3, 6, 28: “cum igitur statuisset opus esse ad eam rem constituendam pecuniā,had become convinced, id. ib. 2, 23, 82: “quo cive neminem ego statuo in hac re publicā esse fortiorem,id. Planc. 21, 51: “quam quidem laudem sapientiae statuo esse maximam,id. Fam. 5, 13, 1: “hoc anno statuit temporis esse satis,Ov. F. 1, 34: “nolim statuas me mente malignā id facere,Cat. 67, 37.— So with sic: “velim sic statuas tuas mihi litteras longissimas quasque gratissimas fore,Cic. Fam. 7, 33 fin.: “ego sic statuo a me in hac causā pietatis potius quam defensionis partes esse susceptas,I hold, lay down as the principle of my defence, id. Sest. 2, 3: “quod sic statuit omnino consularem legem nullam putare,id. ib. 64, 135: “sic statuo et judico, neminem tot et tanta habuisse ornamenta dicendi,id. Or. 2, 28, 122. —Hence, statui, I have judged, i. e. I know, and statueram, I had judged, i. e. I knew: “ut ego qui in te satis consilii statuerim esse, mallem Peducaeum tibi consilium dare quam me, ironically,Cic. Att. 1, 5, 4: “qui saepe audissent, nihil esse pulchrius quam Syracusarum moenia, statuerant se, si ea Verre praetore non vidissent, numquam esse visuros,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 36, § 95.—With neutr. pron.: “si dicam non recte aliquid statuere eos qui consulantur,that they hold an erroneous opinion, Cic. Caecin. 24, 68; cf.: “quis hoc statuit umquam, aut cui concedi potest, ut eum jure potuerit occidere a quo, etc.,id. Tull. 24, 56; Quint. 5, 13, 21.—
b. Particularly of a conclusion drawn from circumstances, to judge, infer, conclude; declare (as an inference): “cum tuto senatum haberi non posse judicavistis, tum statuiistis, etiam intra muros Antonii scelus versari,Cic. Phil. 3, 5, 13: quod si aliter statuetis, videte ne hoc vos statuatis, qui vivus decesserit, ei vim non esse factam, id. Caecin. 16, 46: “quid? si tu ipse statuisti, bona P. Quinctii ex edicto possessa non esse?id. Quint. 24, 76: “ergo ad fidem bonam statuit pertinere notum esse emptori vitium quod nosset venditor,id. Off. 3, 16, 67: “Juppiter esse pium statuit quodcumque juvaret,Ov. H. 4, 133.—With neutr. pron.: “hoc (i. e. litteris Gabinii credendum non esse) statuit senatus cum frequens supplicationem Gabinio denegavit,Cic. Prov. Cons. 6, 14: “quod si tum statuit opus esse, quid cum ille decessisset, Flacco existimatis statuendum et faciendum fuisse?id. Fl. 12, 29; cf. id. Caecin. 16, 46, supra; so, “hoc si ita statuetis,id. ib. 16, 47.—
c. Esp. with gerund.-clause.
(α). To hold, judge, think, consider, acknowledge, that something must be done, or should have been done: “tu cum tuos amicos in provinciam quasi in praedam invitabas ... non statuebas tibi de illorum factis rationem esse reddendam?did you not consider, did it not strike you? Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 11, § 29: statuit, si hoc crimen extenuari vellet, nauarchos omnes vitā esse privandos, he thought it necessary to deprive, etc., id. ib. 2, 5, 40, § “103: ut statuas mihi non modo non cedendum, sed etiam tuo auxilio utendum fuisse,id. Fam. 5, 2, 10: “statuebam sic, boni nihil ab illis nugis expectandum,id. Sest. 10, 24: “Antigonus statuit aliquid sibi consilii novi esse capiendum,Nep. Eum. 8, 4. —So with opus fuisse: “ut hoc statuatis oratione longā nihil opus fuisse,acknowledge, Cic. Verr. 1, 18, 56: causam sibi dicendam esse statuerat jam ante quam hoc usu venit, knew (cf. a. supra), id. ib. 2, 5, 39, § 101. —
(β). To think that one must do something, to resolve, propose, usu. with dat. pers.: “manendum mihi statuebam quasi in vigiliā quādam consulari ac senatoriā,Cic. Phil. 1, 1, 1: quae vobis fit injuria si statuimus, vestro nobis judicio standum esse, if we conclude, purpose, to abide, etc., id. Fl. 27, 65: “ut ea quae statuisses tibi in senatu dicenda, reticeres,id. Fam. 5, 2, 1: “statuit tamen nihil sibi in tantis injuriis gravius faciendum,id. Clu. 6, 16: “Caesar statuit exspectandam classem,Caes. B. G. 3, 14: “non expectandum sibi statuit dum, etc.,id. ib. 1, 11: “quod eo tempore statuerat non esse faciendum,id. B. C. 3, 44: “statuit sibi nihil agitandum,Sall. J. 39, 5: “Metellus statuit alio more bellum gerendum,id. ib. 54, 5: “Laco statuit accuratius sibi agendum cum Pharnabazo,Nep. Alcib. 10, 2: “sororis filios tollendos statuit,Just. 38, 1.—
2. With ut: “si, ut Manilius statuebat, sic est judicatum (= ut judicandum esse statuebat),Cic. Caecin. 24, 69: “ut veteres statuerunt poetae (ut = quod ita esse),id. Arat. 267 (33): quae majora auribus accepta sunt quam oculis noscuntur, ut statuit, as he thought, i. e. that those things were greater, etc., Liv. 45, 27: “cum esset, ut ego mihi statuo, talis qualem te esse video,Cic. Mur. 14, 32.—
3. With two acc. (= duco, existimo): “omnes qui libere de re publicā sensimus, statuit ille quidem non inimicos, sed hostes,regarded not as adversaries, but as foes, Cic. Phil. 11, 1, 3: “Anaximenes aëra deum statuit,id. N. D. 10, 26: “voluptatem summum bonum statuens,id. Off. 1, 2, 5: “video Lentulum cujus ego parentem deum ac patronum statuo fortunae ac nominis mei,id. Sest. 69, 144: “si rectum statuerimus concedere amicis quidquid velint,id. Lael. 11, 38: “Hieronymus summum bonum statuit non dolere,id. Fin. 2, 6, 19: “noster vero Plato Titanum e genere statuit eos qui ... adversentur magistratibus,id. Leg. 3, 2, 5: “decretum postulat, quo justae inter patruos fratrumque filias nuptiae statuerentur,Tac. A. 12, 7: “optimum in praesentiā statuit reponere odium,id. Agr. 39.—P. a.: stătūtus , a, um, i. e. baculo, propped, leaning on a stick (dub. v. I. C. supra): “vidistis senem ... statutum, ventriosum?Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 11.—Hence, subst.: stă-tūtum , i, n., a law, decision, determination, statute (late Lat.): “Dei,Lact. 2, 16, 14: “Parcarum leges ac statuta,id. 1, 11, 14: “statuta Dei et placita,id. 7, 25, 8.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: