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sŭperstĕs , ĭtis, adj. super-sto.
I. One who stands by or is present at any thing, a by-stander, witness (only in the foll. passages): “superstites testes praesentes significat, cujus rei testimonium est, quod superstitibus praesentibus ei, inter quos controversia est, vindicias sumere jubentur. Plautus in Artemone: nunc mihi licet quidvis loqui, nemo hic adest superstes,Fest. p. 305 Müll.; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 3, 339: suis utrisque superstitibus praesentibus istam viam dico: inite viam, an old legal formula in Cic. Mur. 12, 26. —
B. Poet., pregn., standing over as in triumph: “spoliisque animosa superstes, Unda, velut victrix, sinuataque despicit undas,Ov. M. 11, 552; Stat. Th. 8, 471.—
II. That remains alive after another's death, outliving, surviving (the predom. signif.); constr. usually with dat.; less freq. with gen. or absol.
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