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tōtus , a, um (
I.gen. tōtīus, but scanned tōtĭus, Lucr. 1, 984; 3, 97; 3, 275; 3, 989; 4, 1028; 5, 477 al.; collat. form of the gen.: toti familiae, Afran. ap. Prisc. p. 694 P.; dat. toti; but masc.: “toto exercitui,Caes. B. G. 7, 89: “toto orbi,Prop. 3, 11 (4, 10), 57; fem.: totae familiae, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 103 Müll.: “totae insulae,Nep. Tim. 3, 2; and: totae rei, Auct. Her. ap. Prisc. p. 678 P.), all, all the (denoting a thing in its entireness), the whole, entire, total.
I. In gen.: “ut unum opus, totum atque perfectum ex omnibus totis atque perfectis absolveret,Cic. Univ. 5 fin.: “cui senatus totam rem publicam, omnem Italiae pubem, cuncta populi Romani arma commiserat,id. Mil. 23, 61: “totum corpus rei publicae,id. Off. 1, 25, 85: “omne caelum, totamque cum universo mari terram mente complexus,id. Fin. 2, 34, 112: “ut totā mente atque omnibus artubus contremiscam,id. de Or. 1, 26, 121: “universā re et totā sententiā dissidere,id. Fin. 4, 1, 2: “aedes totae confulgebant,Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 44; cf. id. Most. 1, 2, 68: “eant per totam caveam,id. ib. prol. 66: “pervigilat noctes totas,id. Aul. 1, 1, 33: “eāque totā nocte continenter ierunt,Caes. B. G. 1, 26: “ut Romae per totam urbem vigiliae haberentur,Sall. C. 30, 7: “cum tota se luna sub orbem solis subjecisset,Cic. Rep. 1, 16, 25; 1, 36, 57: “et ipsa Peloponnesus fere tota in mari est,id. ib. 2, 4, 8.—In abl., without in: “concursabat urbe totā maxima multitudo,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 35, § 93; so, “urbe totā,id. Rosc. Am. 9, 23: “totā Asiā,id. Phil. 11, 2, 6; id. Imp. Pomp. 3, 7: “totā Siciliā,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 49, § 120: “totā Italiā,Caes. B. C. 1, 2: “totā provinciā,id. ib. 2, 18: “toto caelo,Cic. N. D. 2, 37, 95 al.; cf. Hand, Turs. III. p. 248 sq.; Haase ad Reisig, Vorles. p. 708; Zumpt, Gram. § 482. — Less freq. with in: “totāque in Italiā,Cic. Div. 1, 35, 78: “in Siciliā totā,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 1: “in toto inperio,id. Lig. 3, 7: “in toto orbe terrarum,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 45, § 99: “in totā vitā,id. Tusc. 4, 13, 29: “in toto imperio tuo,id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 11, § 32: “toto in orbe terrarum,Liv. 37, 10, 25: “totā in civitate,id. 29, 14, 8.—
II. Neutr. absol.
A. Subst., all, the whole, opp. dimidium, Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 33; Sen. Apocol. 8; “opp. pars,Macr. Somn. Scip. 2, 14, 21: “totum in eo est, tectorium ut concinnum sit,all depends on this, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 1, § 1: totum in eo sit, ne contractentur pocula, Col 12, 4, 3. —
B. Adverb. phrases with a prep.
1. Ex toto, wholly, completely, entirely, altogether, totally (post-Aug.): “creta ex toto repudianda est,Col. 5, 8, 6; 5, 6, 17; 2, 20, 2; Curt. 8, 6, 23; Sen. Ira, 1, 12, 6; 2, 6, 3; 3, 12, 4; 3, 42, 1; id. Ep. 75, 11; Plin. 11, 17, 17, § 54; Cels. 1, 4 fin.; 3, 14 init.; 8, 20 med.; 7, 4, 3 and 9; 7, 10 fin.; 8, 2; Ov. P. 4, 8, 72; Sen. Contr. 1, 8, 8; 3, 16, 24.—*
2. In toto, upon the whole, in general, generally, Cic. Att. 13, 20, 4.—
3. In totum (post-Aug.).
a. Wholly, entirely, altogether, totally: “res in totum diversa,Plin. 31, 7, 42, § 90; id. praef. § 26; 2, 90, 92, § 205; 10, 4, 5, § 16; 25, 4, 17, § 36; 35, 2, 2, § 4; Quint. 3, 9, 58; 4, 1, 63; 4, 1, 72; 7, 1, 31; Col. 1, 7, 2; 2, 1, 2; Sen. Ira, 1, 17, 7; id. Ep. 72, 6; id. Q. N. 2, 27, 3; Just. 32, 1, 9.—
b. Upon the whole, in general: “in totum praecipimus: ut, etc.,Col. 11, 2, 80; 3, 2, 31.
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