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trĕpĭdus , a, um, adj. root in Gr. τρέπω, to turn, put to flight; cf. Lat. torqueo (cf. Fest. p. 367 Müll.); prop. scared; hence,
I.restless, agitated, anxious, solicitous, disturbed, alarmed, in a state of trepidation, etc. (not. freq. in prose till the Aug. per.; “perh. not at all in Cic. and Cæs.): tum trepidae inter se coëunt pennisque coruscant (apes),in a hurry, Verg. G. 4, 73; so, “Dido,id. A. 4, 642 Serv.: “hic galeam tectis trepidus rapit,id. ib. 7, 638; “9, 233: trepidi improviso metu,Sall. J. 97, 5; cf.: “curia maesta ac trepida ancipiti metu,Liv. 2, 24, 3: “Romae nocturnus terror ita ex somno trepidam repente civitatem excivit,id. 8, 37, 6: “trepidi formidine portas Explorant,Verg. A. 9, 169; Just. 2, 13, 9. — ( β ) With gen.: “illae (apes) intus trepidae rerum per cerea castra Discurrunt,Verg. A. 12, 589: “Messenii trepidi rerum suarum,Liv. 36, 31, 5; so, “rerum suarum,id. 5, 11, 4: “salutis,Sil. 12, 13: “admirationis ac metus,Tac. A. 6, 21 fin.: “tubarum,Stat. Th. 11, 325. —
b. Of things: “illud (ferrum) in trepidā submersum sibilat unda,Ov. M. 12, 279 (Merkel, tepidā); cf.: “et foliis undam trepidi despumat aheni,” i. e. bubbling, foaming, Verg. G. 1, 296: “venae,Ov. M. 6, 389: “pes,id. ib. 4, 100: “ōs,id. ib. 5, 231: “vultus,id. ib. 4, 485: “cursus,Verg. A. 4, 672: “terror,Lucr. 5, 41: “metus,Ov. Tr. 3, 1, 54; Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 15: “tumultus belli,Lucr. 3, 846: “certamen,Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 48: “motus,Ov. M. 8, 606: “fletus,id. ib. 4, 673: “in re trepidā,in a critical situation, perilous juncture, Liv. 1, 27, 7; 4, 46, 8; 26, 5, 7; cf. in plur.: “in trepidis rebus,id. 4, 17, 8; 4, 56, 8; Tib. 2, 3, 21; Hor. C. 3, 2, 5; Sil. 7, 1; cf. Sall. J. 91, 5: “incerta et trepida vita,Tac. A. 14, 59; so, “vita,id. ib. 4, 70 fin.: “litterae,” i. e. announcing danger, bringing alarming news, Curt. 7, 1, 36; so, “nuntius,Just. 31, 2, 8.—Adv.: trĕpĭdē , hastily, in a state of confusion or alarm, with trepidation: “trepide concursans,Phaedr. 2, 5, 2: “classis trepide soluta,Liv. 22, 31, 5; so, “relictis castris,id. 7, 11, 1: “deserta stativa,id. 10, 12, 6: “trepide anxieque certare,Suet. Ner. 23.
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