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ŭbī^ , adv. for quo-bi; cf. Gr. ποῦ, πό-θι; Ion. κό-θι.
I. Lit.
A. A relative local particle, denoting rest in a place, in which place, in what place, where.
2. Referring to other expressions of place: “omnes, qui tum eos agros, ubi hodie est haec urbs, incolebant,Cic. Rep. 2, 2, 4: “non modo ut Spartae, rapere ubi pueri et clepere discunt,id. ib. 4, 5, 11: “in ipso aditu atque ore portus, ubi, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 12, § 30.—
3. With the interrogative particle nam suffixed: “in quā non video, ubinam mens constans possit insistere,Cic. N. D. 1, 10, 24.—
5. Repeated ubi ubi, also written as one word ubiubi, wherever, wheresoever = ubicumque (very rare): “ubi ubi est, fac, quamprimum haec audiat,Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 12: “sperantes facile, ubiubi essent se ... conversuros aciem,Liv. 42, 57, 12.—With gentium: “ubi ubi est gentium,Plaut. As. 2, 2, 21.—
B. In a direct interrogation, where? So. Ubi patera nunc est? Me. In cistulā, etc., Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 264: “ubi ego perii? ubi immutatus sum? ubi ego formam perdidi?id. ib. 300: “ubi inveniam Pamphilum? Ubi quaeram?Ter. And. 2, 2, 1; 2, 2, 6: “ubi sunt, qui Antonium Graece negant scire?Cic. de Or. 2, 14, 59: “heu! ubi nunc fastus altaque verba jacent?Ov. H. 4, 150 Ruhnk.—
2. Esp., with gentium: “ubi illum quaeram gentium?Plaut. Ep. 5, 2, 13; and with the interrog. particle nam suffixed: “ubinam est is homo gentium?id. Merc. 2, 3, 97: “o di immortales! ubinam gentium sumus? ... in quā urbe vivimus?Cic. Cat. 1, 4, 9 (v. gens).—
II. Transf.
2. With correl. adv. of time (mostly anteand post-class.; not in Cic. or Caæs.).
(α). With tum: “otium ubi erit, tum, etc.,Plaut. Rud. 2, 4, 13: “ubi convivae abierint, tum venias,id. Stich. 4, 2, 14; id. Pers. 4, 7, 18; Quadrig. ap. Gell. 2, 2, 13: “cetera maleficia tum persequare, ubi facta sunt,Sall. C. 52, 4; Cato, R. R. 33, 2; 33, 45 fin.: ubi conticuerit recte tumultus, tum in curiam patres revocandos esse, Liv. 22, 55, 8; 25, 38, 4; 43, 5, 6; “44, 34, 5: ut, cum admissa et perpetrata fuerint, tum denique, ubi, quae facta sunt infecta fieri non possunt, puniantur,Gell. 6 (7), 3, 42.—Esp., with tum demum: “ubi jam caro increscit, tum demum et balineis raris utendum erit,Cels. 7, 4 fin.; 3, 6; 7, 27; Gell. 16, 8, 16.—
(β). With tunc: “ubi vis acrior imminet hostium, tunc, etc.,Veg. Mil. 1, 24: “tunc est consummata infelicitas. ubi, etc.,Sen. Ep. 39, 6; 89, 15; 89, 19.—Esp., with tunc demum, Cels. 3, 10.—
B. In colloq. lang., referring to things or persons, instead of the relative pronoun, in which, by which, with which, wherewith, etc.; or of persons, with whom, by whom, etc.: “ne illi sit cera, ubi facere possit litteras,Plaut. As. 4, 1, 22: “hujusmodi res semper comminiscere, Ubi me excarnifices,Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 9: “cum multa colligeres et ex legibus et ex senatusconsultis, ubi, si verba, non rem sequeremur, confici nihil posset,Cic. de Or. 1, 57, 243: “si rem servassem, fuit, ubi negotiosus essem,Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 38; cf.: “est, ubi id isto modo valeat,Cic. Tusc. 5, 8, 23; v. sum, I. B. 5. b. β: “neque nobis adhuc praeter te quisquam fuit, ubi nostrum jus contra illos obtineremus,with whom, Cic. Quint. 9, 34: “Alcmene, questus ubi ponat aniles, Iolen habet,Ov. M. 9, 276.
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