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vĭŏlo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. vis, treat with violence (corporeally, and, more freq., mentally), to injure, dishonor, outrage, violate (cf.: laedo, polluo, contamino).
I. Lit. with persons as objects: “hospites violare fas non putant,to injure, do violence to, Caes. B. G. 6, 23 fin.: “aliquem,id. B. C. 3, 98: “patriam prodere, parentes violare,Cic. Fin. 3, 9, 32.—Esp.: virginem, Auct. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, § 80 Müll.; Tib. 1, 6, 51; cf. Cic. Fam. 9, 22, 1 fin.: “sacrum vulnere corpus,Verg. A. 11, 591; cf.: “Getico peream violatus ab arcu,Ov. P. 3, 5, 45.—
II. Transf.
B. With the senses as objects, to outrage, shock: “oculos nostros (tua epistola),Ov. H. 17, 1; cf.: “aures meas obsceno sermone,Petr. 85.—
III. Trop. (rare and poet.): “Indum sanguineo ostro ebur,” i. e. to dye of a blood-red, Verg. A. 12, 67 (an imitation of the Homeric ἐλέφαντα φοίνικι μιήνη, Il. 4, 141).
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