I. A.. Pertaining to the town of Alba, Alban: “exercitus,” Liv. 1, 28: “pax,” the peace between the Romans and Albans, id. 1, 27.—
II. Hence, Albāni , ōrum, m.
A. The Albans, the inhabitants of Alba Longa, Liv. 1, 29.—
B. The Albanians, the inhabitants of Albania, on the Caspian Sea, Plin. 6, 13, 15, § 38.— Esp., Lăcus Albānus , a deep lake in Latium, south of Rome, and on the west side of old Alba, now Lago di Albano, Liv. 5, 15.—Mons Albānus , a rocky mountain in Latium, now Monte Cavo, lying eastward from the Alban Lake, 2500 feet above the surface of the Tyrrhene Sea, on whose western declivity, extending to the lake, was the old Alba Longa. Upon its summit, which afforded a noble view, stood the splendid temple of Juppiter Latiaris, up to which wound a paved way, still in part existing, for the festive processions in the holidays of the Latins (feriae Latinae), as well as for the ovations of the Roman generals, cf. Müll. Roms Camp. 2, 139-146.— Lăpis Albānus , the kind of stone hewn from Mount Alba, called in Ital. peperino or piperno, Vitr. 2, 7; “hence. Albanae columnae,” made of such stone, Cic. Scaur. 2, 45.—Albānum , i, n., an estate at Alba, Cic. Att. 7, 5; Quint. 5, 13, 40; Suet. Aug. 72.