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affecto (better adf- ), āvi, ātum, 1,
I.v. freq. [adficio]; constr. aliquid.
I. To strive after a thing, to exert one's self to obtain, to pursue, to aim to do: adfectare est pronum animum ad faciendum habere, Paul. ex Fest. p. 2 Müll.—So, adfectare viam or iter, trop., to enter on or take a way, in order to arrive at a destined point (very freq. in Plaut. and Ter.): “ut me defraudes, ad eam rem adfectas viam,you are on your way to this, Plaut. Men. 4, 3, 12; id. Aul. 3, 6, 39: “hi gladiatorio animo ad me adfectant viam,set upon me, Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 71; so id. Heaut. 2, 3, 60: “quam viam munitet, quod iter adfectet, videtis,Cic. Rosc. Am. 48.—So in other cases: “cur opus adfectas novum?Ov. Am. 1, 1, 14: adfectare spem, to cling to or cherish, Liv. 28, 18; cf. Ov. M. 5, 377: navem, to seize or lay hold of: “verum ubi nulla datur dextrā adfectare potestas (of the giant Polyphemus),Verg. A. 3, 670.—
II. To endeavor to make one's own, to pursue, strive after, aspire to, aim at, desire: “munditiem, non adfluentiam adfectabat,Nep. Att. 13, 5; Cic. Her. 4, 22: “diligentiam,Plin. 17, 1, 1: “magnificentiam verborum,Quint. 3, 8, 61: “elegantiam Graecae orationis verbis Latinis,Gell. 17, 20: “artem,Val. Max. 8, 7, n. 1 extr.Pass.: morbo adfectari, to be seized or attacked by disease, Liv. 29, 10 init.
B. In a bad sense, to strive after a thing passionately, to aim at or aspire to: “dominationes, Sall. Fragm. ap. Aug. Civ. Dei, 3, 17: caelum,Ov. Am. 3, 8, 51: “uniones,Plin. 9, 35, 56: “regnum,Liv. 1, 46, 2; 2, 7, 6: “imperium in Latinos,id. 1, 50, 4: “cruorem alicujus,Stat. Th. 11, 539: “immortalitatem,Curt. 4, 7.—Also with inf. as object, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 1, 9: “non ego sidereas adfecto tangere sedes,Ov. A. A. 2, 39; Stat. Th. 1, 132: Sil. 4, 138; Quint. 5, 10, 28: “qui esse docti adfectant,id. 10, 1, 97.—
C. In the histt., to seek to draw to one's self, to try to gain over: “civitates formidine adfectare,Sall. J. 66: “Gallias,Vell. 2, 39: “Galliarum societatem,Tac. H. 4, 17; 1, 23; 4, 66; id. G. 37, 9; Flor. 2, 2, 3.—
D. To imitate a thing faultily, or with dissimulation, to affect, feign (only post-Aug.): “crebrum anhelitum,Quint. 11, 3, 56: “imitationem antiquitatis,id. 11, 3, 10: “famam clementiae,Tac. H. 2, 63: “studium carminum,id. A. 14, 16; so Suet. Vesp. 23: Plin. Pan. 20.—Hence, adfectātus , a, um, P. a.; in rhetoric, choice, select, or farfetched; studied: “subtilitas,Quint. 3, 11, 21: “scurrilitas,id. 11, 1, 30: “(gradatio) apertiorem habet artem et magis adfectatam,id. 9, 3, 54: “adfectata et parum naturalia,id. 11, 3, 10 (but in 12, 10, 45 the correct read. is effectius, acc. to Spald.).—Adv.: adfec-tātō , studiously, zealously, Lampr. Heliog. 17.
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hide References (32 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (32):
    • null, 48
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5.377
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 3.670
    • Tacitus, Annales, 14.16
    • Tacitus, Historiae, 2.63
    • Tacitus, Historiae, 4.17
    • Tacitus, Germania, 37.9
    • Plautus, Aulularia, 3.6
    • Plautus, Bacchides, 3.1
    • Suetonius, Divus Vespasianus, 23
    • Cornelius Nepos, Atticus, 13.5
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 17.1
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 9.35
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 28, 18
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 50.4
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 7.6
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 46.2
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 29, 10
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 3, 11.21
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 3, 8.61
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 5, 10.28
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 9, 3.54
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 10, 1.97
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 11, 1.30
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 11, 3.10
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 11, 3.56
    • Gellius, Noctes Atticae, 17.20
    • Sallust, Bellum Iugurthinum, 66
    • Statius, Thebias, 1
    • Statius, Thebias, 11
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 4.7
    • Valerius Maximus, Facta et Dicta Memorabilia, 8.7
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