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bāca (less correctly bacca ), ae, f. acc. to Benfey, for bacsa, kindred with Sanscr. bhaksh, edere, vorare; cf. also bhaxa, food; but v. Vani[cbreve]ek, Etym. Wörterb. 2, p. 561,
I.a small round fruit, a berry.
I. Lit.
B. Esp. freq. the olive: “agricola cum florem oleae videt, bacam quoque se visurum putat,Cic. Div. 2, 6, 16; Hor. S. 2, 4, 69; id. Ep. 1, 16, 2; Ov. M. 6, 81; 8, 295; cf. Mart. 13, 101.—
C. Esp., absol., in the poets of the olive, Hor. C. 2, 6, 16: “quot Sicyon bacas, quot parit Hybla favos,Ov. P. 4, 15, 10.—As sacred to Minerva: “ponitur hic bicolor sincerae baca Minervae,Ov. M. 8, 664; 13, 653.—And of the fruit of the wild olive-tree, Ov. M. 14, 525; cf. Verg. G. 2, 183.—
II. Transf.
A. In gen., any fruit of a tree, * Lucr. 5, 1363: “arbores seret diligens agricola, quarum aspiciet bacam ipse numquam,Cic. Tusc. 1, 14, 31: “fruges terrae, bacaeque arborum,id. Div. 1, 51, 116; so id. Sen. 2, 5: rami bacarum ubertate incurvescere, id. poët. ap. Tusc. 1, 28, 69 (Trag. Rel. inc. inc. v. 135 Rib.); cf. id. de Or. 3, 38, 154: “semen inclusum est in intimā parte earum bacarum, quae ex quāque stirpe funduntur,id. N. D. 2, 51, 127: “fruges atque bacae,id. Leg. 1, 8, 25: “felices,Sil. 15, 535.—
B. That which is like a berry in shape.
1. A pearl: “marita, quae Onusta bacis ambulet,Hor. Epod. 8, 14: “aceto Diluit insignem bacam,id. S. 2, 3, 241; so Ov. M. 10, 116; 10, 265; Verg. Cul. 67; Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 592; id. Nupt. Hon. et Mar. 167; id. Laud. Stil. 2, 88; id. VI. Cons. Hon. 528.—
2. The dung of sheep or goats, Pall. Jan. 14, 3.—
3. A link of a chain in the shape of a berry, Prud. στεφ. 1, 46; so id. Psych. prooem. 33.
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hide References (22 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.116
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.98
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 11.234
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14.525
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.81
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8.664
    • Vergil, Georgics, 1.306
    • Vergil, Georgics, 2.183
    • Horace, Satires, 2.3.241
    • Horace, Satires, 2.4.69
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 3.38
    • Lucretius, De Rerum Natura, 5.1363
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 15.29
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 16.115
    • Cicero, De Legibus, 1.8
    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 2.51
    • Cicero, De Senectute, 2
    • Cicero, De Divinatione, 1.51
    • Cicero, De Divinatione, 2.6
    • Cicero, Tusculanae Disputationes, 1.14
    • Ovid, Ex Ponto,