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cārĭtas , ātis, f. carus.
I. Prop., dearness, costliness, high price, etc. (opp. vilitas): “annonae,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 47; 2, 3, 92, § 215; id. Off. 3, 12, 50; Liv. 44, 7, 10; Suet. Ner. 45: “rei frumentariae (opp. vilitas annonae),Cic. Imp. Pomp. 15, 44: “nummorum,id. Att. 9, 9, 4: “olei,Plin. 18, 28, 68, § 273: “vini,Suet. Aug. 42.—Also absol. caritas (sc. annonae), high prices, Cato, R. R. 3: “ut tum vendas cum caritas est,Varr. R. R. 1, 69: “cum alter annus in vilitate, alter in summā caritate fuerit,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 93, § 216; id. Off. 2, 17, 58.—
II. Trop., regard, esteem, affection, love (cf. amor, I.; in good prose; “syn.: benevolentia, favor, studium): cum deorum tum parentum patriaeque cultus eorumque hominum, qui aut sapientiā aut opibus excellunt, ad caritatem referri solet: conjuges autem et liberi, et fratres et alii, quos usus familiaritasque conjunxit, quamquam etiam caritate ipsā, tamen amore maxime continentur,Cic. Part. Or. 25, 88; hence, opp. amor, as esteem to personal affection: “si id videare, quod sit utile ipsis, defendere... haec res amorem magis conciliat, illa virtutis defensio caritatem,id. de Or. 2, 51, 206; cf. Treb. ap. id. Fam. 12, 16, 2; Liv. 24, 4, 8: “ut qui pacem belli amore turbaverant, bellum pacis caritate deponerent,Tac. H. 2, 37: amor πάθος, caritas ἦθος, Quint. 6, 2, 12: “caritas, quae est inter natos et parentes,Cic. Lael. 8, 27; “Quint. prooem. § 6: liberalitate qui utuntur benevolentiam sibi conciliant et caritatem,id. Fin. 1, 16, 52; id. Lael. 27, 102; Quint. 11, 1, 72: “ingenita erga patriam caritas,Liv. 1, 34, 5: “retinere caritatem in aliquem,Cic. Lael. 19, 70: “sanguine et caritate propior,Tac. A. 6, 46: “caritatem paraverat loco auctoritatis,id. Agr. 16 fin.— The subjoined gen. is usu. objective: “patriae et suorum,Cic. Off. 3, 27, 100; id. Sest. 24, 53; Nep. Alcib. 5, 1: “rei publicae,Cic. Phil. 12, 8, 20; Liv. 2, 2, 5: “domini,id. 1, 51, 8: “Syracusanorum,id. 25, 28, 7: “Hieronis,id. 24, 5, 1: “liberum,id. 8, 7, 18: “filiae,Tac. A. 12, 4: “ipsius soli,Liv. 2, 1, 5: “sedium suarum,id. 5, 42, 2; Quint. 6, 2, 14.—But sometimes also subjective, love entertained by one: “hominum, deorum,Cic. N. D. 1, 44, 122; id. de Or. 2, 58, 237: “civium,id. Phil. 1, 12, 29; Liv. 24, 4, 8 (with amor); “or, more rarely, of the cause or ground of the love: caritas illius necessitudinis,Cic. Sest. 3, 6: “benevolentiae,id. Lael. 9, 32.—In plur. of the different species of affection: “omnes omnium caritates patria una complexa est,Cic. Off. 1, 17, 57; id. Fin. 3, 22, 73: “liberum,App. M. 5, p. 171.—
B. In late Lat., meton., caritates = cari, the loved persons, Amm. 18, 8, 14; 24, 1, 9.
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hide References (43 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (43):
    • Cicero, Letters to his Friends, 12.16.2
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 9.9.4
    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 15.44
    • Cicero, Philippics, 1.12.29
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.3.216
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.3.47
    • Cicero, For Sestius, 24.53
    • Cicero, For Sestius, 3.6
    • Cicero, Philippics, 12.8.20
    • Suetonius, Divus Augustus, 42
    • Tacitus, Annales, 6.46
    • Tacitus, Annales, 12.4
    • Tacitus, Historiae, 2.37
    • Tacitus, Agricola, 16
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 2.51
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 2.58
    • Suetonius, Nero, 45
    • Cornelius Nepos, Alcibiades, 5.1
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 2.5
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 24, 4
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 44, 7
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 1.5
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 8, 7
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 25, 28
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 5, 42.2
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 34.5
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 51.8
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 24, 5
    • Cicero, de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, 1.16
    • Cicero, de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, 3.22
    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 1.44
    • null, 19
    • Cicero, De Amicitia, 27
    • Cicero, De Amicitia, 9
    • Cicero, De Amicitia, 8
    • Cicero, De Officiis, 1.17
    • Cicero, De Officiis, 2.17
    • Cicero, De Officiis, 3.12
    • Cicero, De Officiis, 3.27
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 6, 2.14
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 6, 2.12
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 11, 1.72
    • Cicero, Partitiones Oratoriae, 25.88
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