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dēfīnĭo , īvi, ītum, 4, v. a.
I. To bound, to set bounds to; to limit, terminate, define (for syn. v. decerno—freq. in Cic.).
B. Trop.
1. To designate by limiting; to limit, define, determine; to explain (cf. circumscribo, no. II. A.): “genus universum brevi circumscribi et definiri potest,Cic. Sest. 45, 97; cf. id. de Or. 1, 16, 70: “universam et propriam oratoris vim,id. ib. 1, 15: “definienda res erit verbis et breviter describenda,id. Inv. 1, 8 fin.; cf. Cic. Rep. 1, 24; 2, 31 fin.: omitto innumerabiles viros, etc.... unum hoc definio, tantam esse necessitatem virtutis, etc., this only I declare, etc., id. ib. 1, 1 fin.: probe definitur a Stoicis fortitudo, cum eam virtutem esse dicunt propugnantem pro aequitate, id. Off. 1, 19; 1, 27, 96; id. Fin. 2, 2 et saep.: “nec uno modo definitur res eadem,Quint. 7, 3, 16; Tac. A. 6, 28 et saep.: “aedes sibi optimas, hortos, etc.,Cic. Phil. 8, 3, 9; cf.: “ut suus cuique locus erat definitus,Caes. B. G. 7, 81, 4: “tempus adeundi,id. ib. 7, 83, 5: cf.: “ante quem diem iturus sit,id. B. C. 1, 11, 2: “annos,Quint. 12, 6, 1: “consulatum in annos,Caes. B. C. 3, 82, 4; cf.: “potestatem in quinquennium,Cic. Agr. 2, 13: “ut quam vitam ingrediar, definias,id. Ac. 2, 36; cf. id. Quint. 27: “non remittam: definitum est,it is determined, decided, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 43; Cic. Fat. 5, 9; Vulg. 1 Reg. 20, 33.—
2. In opposition to breadth or laxity (cf. circumscribo, no. II. 2), to limit within certain bounds, to restrict, confine: “non vagabitur oratio mea longius atque eis fere ipsis definietur viris, qui, etc.,Cic. de Or. 3, 3: “quae sententia definit amicitiam paribus officiis ac voluntatibus,Cic. Lael. 16, 58; cf. id. de Or. 3, 28, 109: ex perduellium numero definitus, included in the definition of, Off. 3, 29, 107 (dub.). —
II. To terminate, finish (very rare; “perh. only in the foll. places): ut totam hujus generis orationem concludam atque definiam,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 52 Zumpt; id. Or. 19 fin.: definito juvene, ended, i. e. slain, Apul. M. 8, p. 203, 20.—Hence, dēfīnītus , a, um, P. a. (according to no. I. B. 1), definite, limited, distinct, precise; plain, perspicuous (rare, but good prose): quaestionum duo sunt genera: alterum infinitum, alterum definitum. Definitum est, quod ὑπόθεσιν Graeci, nos causam, etc., Cic. Top. 21; “so opp. generales,Quint. 7, 2, 1: “certum esse in caelo ac definitum locum, ubi, etc.,Cic. Rep. 6, 13; “so with certus,id. Fam. 3, 8; Quint. 7, 10, 7: “quaestiones,Cic. Top. 24 fin.—Adv.: -fīnītē , definitely, precisely, distinctly, etc., Cic. Balb. 14; de Or. 2, 27, 118; Plin. Pan. 88, 6; Gell. 1, 257 al.Comp. and sup. do not occur.
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hide References (35 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (35):
    • Cicero, Letters to his Friends, 3.8
    • Old Testament, 1 Samuel, 20.33
    • Caesar, Gallic War, 7.81.4
    • Cicero, For Aulus Caecina, 8.22
    • Cicero, For Sestius, 31.67
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.4.115
    • Cicero, On the Agrarian Law, 2.13
    • Cicero, For Cornelius Balbus, 28.64
    • Cicero, For Cornelius Balbus, 14
    • Cicero, For Sestius, 45.97
    • Cicero, Philippics, 8.3.9
    • Plautus, Cistellaria, 2.1
    • Caesar, Civil War, 1.11.2
    • Caesar, Civil War, 3.82.4
    • Tacitus, Annales, 6.28
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 1.16
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 3.28
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 3.3
    • Cicero, De Republica, 1.24
    • Cicero, De Republica, 2.6
    • Cicero, De Republica, 6.13
    • Cicero, De Fato, 5
    • Cicero, de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, 2.2
    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 2.40
    • Cicero, De Amicitia, 16
    • Cicero, De Divinatione, 2.44
    • Cicero, De Officiis, 1.19
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 7, 10.7
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 7, 2.1
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 7, 3.16
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 12, 6.1
    • Cicero, Orator, 19
    • Cicero, Topica, 21
    • Cicero, Topica, 24
    • Cicero, De Inventione, 1.8
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