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prĕcor , ātus (
I.gen. plur. precantūm, Ov. M. 12, 33; Plaut. Rud. 1, 5, 2), 1, v. dep. n. and a. [root Sanscr. pracch- prask-, to ask; Germ. fragen; v. posco].
I. To ask, beg, entreat, pray, supplicate, request, invoke, call upon, beseech; to sue, say, or speak as a suppliant (class.; syn.: oro, rogo, supplico).
(β). With dat. of person in whose behalf: “bona omnia populo Romano,Liv. 24, 16, 10: “longum Augusto precare diem,Prop. 3, 9, 49 (4, 10, 50).—
(γ). With pro and abl. of person prayed for: “ut jure sacerdotii precari deos pro te publice possim, quos nunc precor pietate privatā,Plin. Ep. 10, 13 (8) fin.: “pro necessario ac propinquo suo,Curt. 5, 3, 14: “pro nobis mitte precari,Ov. M. 3, 614: “pro te,Front. Ep. ad Anton. 1, 1; Aug. Ep. 175, 5.—
(δ). With acc. of thing prayed for: “haec precatus sum,Cic. Pis. 20, 46: “hortatur pater veniam precari,Verg. A. 3, 144: “tibi di, quaecunque preceris commoda dent,Hor. S. 2, 8, 75: “date quae precamur,id. C. S. 3: “vitam,Vell. 2, 79, 5; 2, 85, 5: “saepe precor mortem,Ov. P. 1, 2, 59.—So with two acc.: “quod precarer deos,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 9: “ut quod deos precati eritis,Liv. 40, 46, 9: “quid habeo aliud deos immortales precari, quam ut, etc.,Suet. Aug. 58 fin.—(ε) With ut, ne, quominus, or (poet.) subj. alone: “ut fas sit vidisse, tacitus precatur,Sen. Ep. 115, 4: “deosque precetur et oret, ut,Hor. A. P. 200; Cic. Dom. 57, 144; Curt. 7, 2, 31; Liv. 24, 5, 5; 25, 25, 6; 26, 25, 13: “pro se quisque precari coepere, ne festinatione periculum augeret,Curt. 3, 5, 14: “precare ne jubeant, etc.,Ov. A. A. 1, 568: “si id non probares, quominus ambo unā necaremini non precarere,Cic. Fin. 2, 24, 79: “hoc quoque, dux operis, moneas, precor,Ov. F. 4, 247: “det solum miserae mite, precare, fuge,id. P. 2, 2, 68: “tandem venias precamur,Hor. C. 1, 2, 30: “reddas incolumem precor,id. ib. 1, 3, 7; id. Epod. 3, 20.—(ξ) With ab and abl. of person addressed: “precor ab iis ut, etc.,Cic. Rab. Perd. 2, 5: “hoc a diis immortalibus precari, ut, etc.,Nep. Timol. 5, 2: “quae precatus a diis sum, ut, etc.,Cic. Mur. 1, 1: ab indigno, id. Lael. 16, 57: “esse stultitiam, a quibus bona precaremur, ab iis dantibus nolle sumere,id. N. D. 3, 34, 84.—(η) With acc. of the prayer: “te bonas preces precor, uti sies volens propitius mihi,Cato, R. R. 139; cf. id. ib. 132, 2.—(θ) With object-clause: “sibi et vicinis serere se,Plin. 18, 13, 35, § 131: “numquam placidas esse precarer aquas,Ov. H. 19, 82.—(ι) With ad: “di, ad quos precentur ac supplicent,make supplications, Liv. 38, 43.—(κ) Absol.: “fata deūm flecti precando,Verg. A. 6, 376; so freq. in part. pres.: “mitis precanti,Stat. Th. 1, 189: “verba precantia,Ov. M. 7, 590: “manum precantem Protendere,Verg. A. 12, 930: “oliva,Stat. Th. 2, 478: “eum sororem dedisse Prusiae precanti,Liv. 42, 12, 4; “and parenthetically: gnatique patrisque, Alma, precor, miserere,Verg. A. 6, 117: “parce, precor,Hor. C. 4, 1, 2; Ov. H. 16, 11; id. Am. 3, 9, 67: “per hoc decus, precor,Hor. Epod. 5, 7.—
II. In partic., to wish well or ill to any one, to hail, salute, or address one with a wish, alicui aliquid (class.).
2. Of evil wishes, imprecations; with mala, male, etc., to curse, invoke evil upon: “neque, si umquam vobis mala precarer, morbum aut mortem aut cruciatum precarer,Cic. Pis. 19, 43: “quod tibi evenit, ut omnes male precarentur,id. ib. 14, 33: “(Ajax) mala multa precatus Atridis,Hor. S. 2, 3, 203: “male precari,Plaut. Merc. 2, 1, 11: “pergin' precari pessimo,id. As. 2, 4, 71; cf.: “audisti quae malo principi precamur,Plin. Pan. 94, 2.—(Act. form prĕco , āre, Prisc. p. 779 P.; partic. precatus, as passive, Juvenc. 3, 85; cf. Varr. ap. Non. 480, 27.)
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hide References (47 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (47):
    • null, 1.3.9
    • Cicero, Against Catiline, 2.13.29
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 2.4.71
    • Cicero, For Lucius Murena, 1.1
    • Cicero, For Rabirius on a Charge of Treason, 2.5
    • Cicero, For Cornelius Balbus, 24.55
    • Cicero, On his House, 57.144
    • Cicero, Against Piso, 14.33
    • Cicero, Against Piso, 20.46
    • Cicero, Against Piso, 19.43
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 12.33
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.614
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 7.590
    • Plautus, Asinaria, 2.4
    • Plautus, Rudens, 1.5
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 6.376
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 12.930
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 3.144
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 6.117
    • Suetonius, Divus Augustus, 58
    • Horace, Satires, 2.3.203
    • Horace, Satires, 2.8.75
    • Horace, Ars Poetica, 200
    • Plautus, Mercator, 2.1
    • Cornelius Nepos, Timoleon, 5.2
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 25, 25
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 26, 25.13
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40, 46.9
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 24, 5
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 24, 16
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 38, 43
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 42, 12
    • Seneca, de Beneficiis, 2.1.4
    • Cicero, de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, 2.24
    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 1.42
    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 3.34
    • Seneca, Epistulae, 115.4
    • Ovid, Ex Ponto, 1.2
    • Ovid, Ex Ponto, 2.2
    • Sextus Propertius, Elegies, 3.11
    • Statius, Thebias, 1
    • Statius, Thebias, 2
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 3.5.14
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 5.3.14
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 7.2.31
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 8.5.16
    • Ovid, Fasti, 4
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