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_cro , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. sacer,
I.to declare or set apart as sacred; to consecrate, dedicate, or devote to a divinity (class.; cf. consecro).
2. With a bad accessory signif. (cf. sacer, II.), to devote or doom to destruction, to declare accursed, to condemn: “de sacrando cum bonis capite ejus, qui regni occupandi consilia inisset, gratae in vulgus leges fuere,Liv. 2, 8; cf.: “caput Jovi,id. 10, 38.—
B. Transf., in gen., to set apart, consecrate, devote, give, dedicate a thing to any one (poet. and rare): “quod patriae vocis studiis nobisque sacrasti, Cic. poët. Div. 1, 13, 22: hunc illi honorem Juppiter sacravit,Verg. A. 12, 141: “tibi sacratum opus,Ov. Tr. 2, 552.—In a bad sense: “injecere manum Parcae, telisque sacrarunt Evandri (Halaesum),Verg. A. 10, 419.—
II. Meton.
1. To render sacred or inviolable by consecration; to hallow, consecrale: “hoc nemus aeterno cinerum sacravit honore Faenius,Mart. 1, 117, 1: “foedus, quod in Capitolio sacratum fuisset, irritum per illos esse,that had been decreed inviolable, Liv. 38, 33; cf.: “sanctiones sacrandae sunt genere ipso aut obtestatione legis, aut, etc.,Cic. Balb. 14, 33: “sacrata lex,a law whose violation was punished by devoting the offender to the infernal gods, id. Sest. 7, 16; id. Dom. 17, 43; Liv. 2, 33; 3, 17; 7, 41; 9, 39; 36, 38; cf.: “sacratae leges sunt, quibus sanctum est, qui quid adversus eas fecerit, sacer alicui deorum sit cum familia pecuniaque,Fest. p. 318 Müll.—
2. Of a deity, to hold sacred, to worship or honor as sacred: “haud frustra te patrem deum hominumque hac sede sacravimus,Liv. 8, 6: “Vesta sacrata,Ov. M. 15, 864.—
B. Transf., in gen., to render imperishable, to immortalize (rare): “aliquem Lesbio plectro,Hor. C. 1, 26, 11; cf.: “miratur nihil, nisi quod Libitina sacravit,id. Ep. 2, 1, 49: “vivit vigetque eloquentia ejus (Catonis), sacrata scriptis omnis generis,Liv. 39, 40: “avum Sacrārunt carmina tuum,Ov. P. 4, 8, 64.—Hence, _crātus , a, um, P. a., hallowed, consecrated, holy, sacred: “sacrata jura parentum,Ov. M. 10, 321: “jura Graiorum,Verg. A. 2, 157: “vittae Sacrati capitis,id. ib. 3, 371: “dux,” i. e. Augustus, Ov. F. 2, 60; cf.: “manus (Tiberii),id. ib. 1, 640: “dies sacratior,Mart. 4, 1, 1: “numen gentibus sacratissimum,Plin. 33, 4, 24, § 82: “homines,devoted to the gods, Macr. S. 3, 7; “Aug. Civ. Dei, 2, 26.—At a later per., Sacratissimus,an epithet of the emperors, Most Worshipful, Dig. 38, 17, 9; Mamert. Pan. ad Maxim. 1 et saep.—Adv.: _-crātē , in eccl. Lat.,
1. Holily, piously: “vivere,Aug. Ep. 22 fin.
2. Mysteriously, mystically, Aug. Doctr. Chr. 2, 16.
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hide References (31 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (31):
    • null, 14
    • Cicero, On his House, 17.43
    • Cicero, For Sestius, 7.16
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 5, 25
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.644
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.55
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.321
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.864
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 10.419
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 12.213
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 2.157
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 7.62
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 12.141
    • Suetonius, Tiberius, 53
    • Suetonius, Tiberius, 14
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 38, 33
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 7, 41
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 23, 9
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 8
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 8, 6
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 10, 38
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40, 22
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 39, 40
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 33
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 3, 17
    • Cicero, De Legibus, 2.9
    • Ovid, Ex Ponto, 4.8
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 3.3.16
    • Ovid, Fasti, 1
    • Ovid, Fasti, 2
    • Augustine, Epistualae, 22
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