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Argos

Ἄργος) is said to have signified, in the language of the Macedonians and Thessalians, a plain, and it may therefore contain the same root as the Latin word ager. In Homer we find mention of the Pelasgic Argos—that is, a town or district of Thessaly—and of the Achaean Argos, by which he means sometimes the whole Peloponnesus, sometimes Agamemnon's kingdom of Argos, of which Mycenae was the capital, and sometimes the town of Argos. As Argos frequently signifies the whole Peloponnesus, the most important part of Greece, so the Ἀργεῖοι often occur in Homer as a name of the whole body of the Greeks, in which sense the Roman poets also use Argivi.


1.

Argos, a district of Peloponnesus, lying between Arcadia and the Aegean Sea, and also called by Greek writers Argia, or Argolicé, or Argolis. Under the Romans Argŏlis became the usual name of the country.


2.

The chief city of Argolis, about two miles from the sea, on the Sinus Argolicus. It was fabled to have been built by seven Cyclopes from Syria (Eurip. Iph. in Aul. 152, 534) for Inachus, the first king. The city was under the especial protection of Heré. Its inhabitants were called Argivi and Argolici—names which are often applied to the whole Greek race. (See Hellas.) The city is often spoken of in the plural form, Argi.

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