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Affines, Affinĭtas

or Adfines, Adfinĭtas. Affnes are the cognoti of husband and wife; and the relationship called affinitas can only be the result of a lawful marriage. There are no degrees of affinitas corresponding to those of cognatio, though there are terms to express the various kinds of affinitas. The father of a husband is the socer of the husband's wife, and the father of a wife is the socer of the wife's husband; the term socrus expresses the same affinity with respect to the husband's and wife's mothers. A son's wife is nurus or daughter-in-law to the son's parents; a wife's husband is gener or son-in-law to the wife's parents. See Cognati.

Thus the avus, avia—pater, mater—of the wife become by the marriage, respectively, the socer magnus, prosocrus, or socrus magna—socer, socrus—of the husband, who becomes with respect to them severally progener and gener. In like manner, the corresponding ancestors of the husband respectively assume the same names with respect to the son's wife, who becomes with respect to them pronurus and nurus. The son and daughter of a husband or wife born of a prior marriage are called privignus and privigna with respect to their step-father or step-mother; and, with respect to such children, the step-father and step-mother are severally called vitricus and noverca. The husband's brother becomes levir with respect to the wife, and his sister becomes glos (the Greek γάλως). Marriage was unlawful among persons who had become such affines as above mentioned. A person who had sustained such a capitis diminutio as to lose both his freedom and the civitas, lost also all his affines.

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