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κριταί). Judges; a name applied by the Greeks to any person who did not judge of a thing as δικαστής—i. e. according to positive law— but rather according to his own personal sense of justice and equity (Herod.iii. 160). Specifically, the name was applied at Athens to a number of judges chosen by ballot from a body of selected candidates at the time of the Dionysia (q.v.). Their office was to judge of the merit of the different choruses and dramatic poems, and to award the prizes to the victors. It is supposed that there were in all ten κριταί—five for comedy and five for tragedy. See Drama.

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