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Mail-clad cav

Sarmatian Cataphract. (Column of Trajan.)

alry, found chiefly among the armies of the Eastern nations. They are first heard of in the army of the elder Cyrus, and later in the armies of Antiochus Epiphanes. From the time of Antoninus Pius they were common in the armies of Rome. The armour appears to have been a sort of scale-armour (φολιδωτός). (See Amm. Marcell. xvi. 10, 8; Hist. i. 79.) The word is probably Persian. See Cruppellarii.


The word cataphractus is sometimes applied to a ship with decks. See Aphractus; Navis.

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