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Iudicāti Actio

A defendant who had been condemned in an action was under an obligation to satisfy the judgment—i. e. to pay to the plaintiff the sum of money which the iudex had awarded; and the actio iudicati was the mode which the successful party had to adopt in order to compel the defendant to fulfil his obligation. The ground of the actio iudicati being the judgment debt, the defendant was not allowed to go behind the judgment and dispute the original claim, but might set up the plea that the judgment was invalid. If defeated in the action he was mulcted in double the original amount.

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