The term used in Roman law of the power belonging to the king or magistrate of
administering justice in suits between private persons (inter privatos
which was a part of the imperium
or supreme executive power. The plebeian
and inferior magistrates did not possess iurisdictio, except that the curule aediles exercised
it in matters relating to the markets.
Very strictly used, the term iurisdictio means the same as iudicis
, or the right of a magistrate to appoint a iudex.
; Judicial Procedure