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Labiēnus


1.

Titus, one of Caesar's lieutenants in the Gallic war. In the beginning of the civil war he left Caesar for Pompey (B. C. iii. 13), escaped from the battle of Pharsalia, and was killed in that at Munda (B. H. 31). Labienus appears to have parted with almost all his former success on abandoning the side of his old commander.


2.

Quintus, a son of the preceding, who inherited all his father's hatred of the party of Caesar. After the defeat of Brutus and Cassius, he refused to submit to the triumvirs, and retired to Parthia, where he was invested with a military command, and proved very serviceable to his new allies in their contests with the Romans. He was made prisoner in Cilicia, and probably put to death. Labienus caused medals to be struck, having on the obverse his head, with this legend, Q. Labienus Parthicus Imper., and on the reverse a horse caparisoned after the Parthian manner.


3.

Titus, an orator and author of the time of Augustus, who distinguished himself by his bitter opposition to the imperial régime. The Senate decreed that his writings should be publicly burned; whereupon he shut himself up in his ancestral tomb and died there, about A.D. 12 (Suet. Cal. 16).

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