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and Retis; dim. Reticŭlum (δίκτυον), a net. Nets were made most commonly of flax or hemp, whence they are sometimes called lina (λίνα). The meshes (maculae, βρόχοι, dim. βροχίδες) were great or small according to the purposes intended. By far the most important application of network was to the three kindred arts of fowling, hunting, and fishing. In fowling the use of nets was comparatively limited. In hunting it was usual to extend nets in a curved line of considerable length, so as in part to surround a space into which the beasts of chase, such as the hare, the boar, the deer, the lion, and the bear, were driven through the opening left on one side. This range of nets was flanked by cords, to which feathers dyed scarlet and of other bright colors were tied, so as to flare and flutter in the wind. The hunters then sallied forth with their dogs, dislodged the animals from their coverts, and by shouts and barking drove them first within the formido, as the apparatus of string and feathers was called, and then, as they were scared with this appearance, within the circuit of the nets. In the drawing below three servants with staves carry on their shoulders a large

Hunting-nets. (Ince-Blundell Marbles.)

net, which is intended to be set up as already described. In the lower figure the net is set up. At each end of it stands a watchman holding a staff. Being intended to take such large quadrupeds as boars and deer (which are seen within it), the meshes are very wide (retia rara). The net is supported by three stakes (στάλικες, ancones, vari). To dispose the nets in this manner was called retia ponere, or retia tendere. The upper border of the net consists of a strong rope, which was called σαρδών. Fishing-nets (ἁλιευτικὰ δίκτυα) were of different kinds. Of these the most common were the ἀμφίβληστρον, or casting-net (funda, iaculum, retinaculum) and the σαγήνη—i. e. the drag-net, or seine (tragum, tragula, verriculum).

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