An important city of ancient Media whose remains, mod. Persian Raï
are still pointed out about five miles southeast of Teheran. The city appears as Ῥάγαι
Anab. iii. 20 Anab., 2.
It is probable,
moreover, that on the site of the original city destroyed by earthquake,
Seleucos Nicator founded Ῥάγεια
, called also Εὐρωπός
(Strabo, pp. 514,
524; see also Ptolemy, 6, 5, 4). In the Old Persian Inscriptions (bk. ii. 72; iii. 2) Ragā is the name of a province; compare Ῥαγιανὴ Μηδία
of Isidor of Charax. As a city, Ragha
mentioned in the Avesta, Vd. i. 16; Ys. xix. 18; and also several times by later Persian and
Mohammedan writers, being specially connected with the name of Zoroaster
(q.v.), apparently as his birthplace. There are a number of
allusions to Rages
in the Apocryphal Scriptures (Judith, i. 5, 15; Tobit, i.
14; v. 5; vi. 10). The fate of this once prosperous city, which was destroyed in the Parthian
wars, rebuilt anew as Assacia under the Arsacid rulers, flourishing later as
, but finally in the twelfth century destroyed by the Tartars, and now lying
in interesting ruins, affords an instructive lesson taught by the records of the past.