（ὀϊστός, ἰός, τόξευμα
). An arrow. Ancient arrows like
those of modern times were feathered and tipped with metal (Scut. Her.
130-134). The point was called ἄρδις
). Flint arrow-heads have been found in Italy; and the Aethiopians in the
army of Xerxes used
Greek Arrow-heads from Attica.
arrows tipped with a sharp stone (Herod.vii. 69
Greek arrows were generally pointed with bronze, and this as early as Homer, who uses the
of one (
Il. xiii. 650 Il., 662
). The Homeric
arrow-head, however, was three-tongued, and had barbs (ὄγκοι
lv. 151). The Romans called barbed arrows hamatae
and did not poison the ends (venenatae sagittae
), as did the Getae, Scythae, and Mauri. Arrows were used
Ivory Arrow-head. (Schliemann.)
in warfare to carry fire. By this means Xerxes set the Athenian acropolis on fire
), and Caesar used fire-arrows to set fire to
Antony's ships (Pollux, i. 37). Archers were called sagittarii
Romans, but in earlier times arquites.