A Sabine goddess, worshipped especially in a sacred grove near the Lacus Velinus and
Reaté (Pliny , Pliny H. N. iii.
); and also in a temple near Horace's farm (Epist.
i. 10, 49). Vacuna
was particularly regarded as the goddess of victory, but was also a great national deity of
the Sabines (Ovid, Fasti
, vi. 307); she also presided over the works of the
garden and field (hence identified both with Venus and with Ceres), and over the woods and
hunting (hence identified with Diana). Moreover, as goddess of victory in war she is sometimes
confused with Bellona and sometimes with Minerva (Dionys. i. 15
Hor. l. c.).