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A shed employed by the Roman soldiers to protect themselves from the missiles of the enemy whilst occupied in undermining or breaching the walls of a fortress. It had a sloping roof of planks and wicker-work supported upon uprights, and was closed on three of its sides by similar materials, the whole frame being covered outside with raw hides or horse-hair cloth, to prevent its being set on fire. Each vinea, by itself, was about eight feet high and sixteen in length; but a number of them were joined together in a line and run up to the walls, so that the ram could be securely plied underneath them (B. C. ii. 2; Livy, xxxvii. 26; Veg. Mil. iv. 15).

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