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dim. Acicŭla (βελόνη, βελονίς, ῥαφίς). A needle, a pin.

We may translate acus a needle, when we suppose it to have had at one end a hole or eye for the passage of thread; and a pin, when, instead of a

Needles and Pins.

hole, we suppose it to have had a knob, a small globe, or any other enlarged or ornamental termination (cf. Pollux, vii. 42; x. 136).

The annexed figures of needles and pins, chiefly taken from originals in bronze, vary in length from an inch and a half to about eight inches.

Pins were made not only of metal, but also of wood, bone, and ivory. Their principal use was to assist in fastening the garments, and more particularly in dressing the hair. The mode of plaiting the hair, and then fastening it with a pin or needle, is shown in the annexed figure of a female head, taken from a marble group which was found at Apt, in the south of France.

The hair-pin was called acus crinalis or acus comatoria (Petron. 21).

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    • Petronius, Satyricon, 21
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