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ἀμφορεύς). A two-handled, big-bellied vessel, usually of clay, with a longish or shortish neck, and a mouth proportioned to the size, sometimes resting firmly on a foot, but often ending in a blunt point, so that in the store-room it had to lean against the wall or be sunk in sand, and, when brought out for use, to be put in a basket, wine-cooler, or hollow stand.

It served to keep oil, honey, and more especially the wine drawn off from the big fermenting vats. It was fastened with a clay stopper, plastered over with pitch, loam, or gypsum, and had a ticket stating the kind, the year, and the quantity of the wine it contained. The Greek ἀμφορεύς was a


large liquid measure holding nearly nine gallons (see Metretes); the Roman measure called amphora held six gallons and seven pints. See Vinum.

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