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ἀτιμία). The forfeiture, in Greece, of a man's civil rights. It was either total or partial. A man was totally deprived of his rights—both for himself and for his descendants—when he was convicted of murder, theft, false witness, partiality as arbiter, violence offered to a magistrate, and so forth. This highest degree of ἀτιμία excluded the person affected by it from the Agora, and from all public assemblies; from the public sacrifices, and from the law courts; or rendered him liable to immediate imprisonment if he was found in any of these places. It was either temporary or perpetual, and either accompanied or not with confiscation of property. Partial ἀτιμία involved only the forfeiture of some few rights, as, for instance, the right of pleading in court. Public debtors were suspended from their civic functions till they discharged their debt to the State. People who had once become altogether ἄτιμοι were very seldom restored to their lost privileges. The converse term to ἀτιμία was ἐπιτιμία. See Lelyveld, De Infamia ex Iure Attico (1835); Meier and Schömann, Att. Process, p. 563; Wachsmuth, Hellen. Alterth. (2d ed.), ii. 195 foll.; and the article Infamia.

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