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Καλλιστώ) (called also Helĭcé). The daughter of Lycaon, king of Arcadia, and an attendant of Artemis. Zeus saw her, and, assuming the form of Artemis, accompanied the maiden to the chase and overcame her virtue. She long concealed her shame; but at length, as she was one day bathing with her divine mistress, the discovery was made, and Artemis, in her anger, turned her into a bear. While in this form she brought forth her son Arcas, who lived with her in the woods, until the herdsmen caught both her and him and brought them to Lycaon. (See Arcas.) Some time afterwards she went into the temenus, or sacred enclosure of the Lycaean Zeus, which it was unlawful to enter. A number of Arcadians, among whom was her own son, followed to kill her, but Zeus snatched her out of their hands, and placed her as a constellation in the sky (Apollod. iii. 8; Hygin. Fab. 177). It was also fabled that at the request of Heré, Tethys forbade the constellation of the Bear to descend into her waves. This legend is related with great variety in the circumstances. According to one of these versions, Arcas, having been separated from his mother and reared among men, met her one day in the woods, and was on the point of slaying her, when Zeus transferred the mother and son to the skies.

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    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library, 3.8
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