A candle, made either of wax (cerea
) or tallow (sebacea
), was used universally by the Romans before the invention of oil lamps (lucernae
) (Varr. L. L.
v. 119). They had for a wick the pith
of a kind of rush called scirpus
H. N. xvi. 178
). In Livy (xl. 29
) fasces candelis involuti
appear to be packets wrapped up in a kind of waxed
cloth. In later times candelae were only used by the poorer classes; the houses of the more
wealthy were always lighted by lucernae
). See Becker-Göll, Gallus
, ii. 390.