Carus, M. Aurelius
A Roman emperor, who succeeded Probus. He was first appointed, by the latter,
prætorian prefect, and after his death was chosen by the army to be his successor,
A.D. 282. Carus created his two sons, Carinus and Numerianus, Caesars, as soon as he was
elevated to the Empire, and, some time after, gave them each the title of Augustus. On the
news of the death of Probus, the barbarians put themselves in motion, and Carus, sending his
son Carinus into Gaul, departed with Numerianus for Illyricum, in order to oppose the
Sarmatae, who threatened Thrace and Italy. He slew 16,000, and made 20,000 prisoners.
Proceeding after this against the Persians, he made himself master of Mesopotamia, and of the
cities of Seleucia and Ctesiphon, and took in consequence the surnames of Persicus and
Parthicus. He died, however, in the midst of his successes, A.D. 283. (See Aper
.) His whole reign was one of not more than sixteen or seventeen
months. Carus was deified after his death. According to Vopiscus, by whom his life was
written, he held a middle rank between good and bad princes.