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καρκίνος, διαβήτης). A compass. The compass used by statuaries, architects, masons, and carpenters is often represented on the tombs of such artificers, together with the other instruments of their profession or trade. The annexed illustration exhibits two kinds of compasses, viz., the common kind used for drawing circles and

Circini. (Gruter,
Corp. Inscript.

measuring distances, and one with curved legs, probably intended to measure the thickness of columns, cylindrical pieces of wood, or similar objects. The common kind is described by the scholiast on Aristophanes, who compares its form with that of the letter A. The mythologists supposed this instrument to have been invented by Perdix, who was the nephew of Daedalus, and, through envy, thrown by him over the precipice of the Athenian Acropolis (Ovid, Met. viii. 251). Compasses of various forms were discovered in a statuary's house at Pompeii.

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    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8.251
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